Forschung Transzendentale Meditation

Die Forschung auf einen Blick

Die Forschung, die wir für Sie zusammengestellt haben (siehe linke Spalte; bitte jeweils klicken), zeigt: Das Potential des Menschen bietet weitaus größere Entwicklungsmöglichkeiten als bisher angenommen. Mit über 600 Arbeiten, darunter 364 Peer Review-Studien, durchgeführt an 250 unabhängigen Universitäten und anderen wissenschaftlichen Instituten in 33 Ländern, ist TM die wissenschaftlich am umfassendsten dokumentierte Meditationstechnik. Veröffentlicht in über 100 weltweit führenden wissenschaftlichen Fachzeitschriften, bestätigen die Studien den Nutzen der TM für jeden Lebensbereich (siehe Unterseiten links).

Vorteile für viele Lebensbereiche

Wissenschaftler fanden heraus, dass Transzendentale Meditation die innere Intelligenz des Körpers belebt und dadurch seine angeborene Fähigkeit unterstützt, sich selbst zu heilen. Eine Übersicht über das breite Spektrum positiver Wirkungen — von der Forschung bestätigt und veröffentlicht in führenden medizinischen und anderen akademischen Fachzeitschriften — finden Sie auf den Unterseiten links.

Staatliche Anerkennung und Unterstützung

Die Bundesgesundheitsbehörden der USA (National Institutes of Health, NIH) unterstützen mit rund 24 Mio. USD ein Forschungsprojekt, um Transzendentale Meditation bei der Vorbeugung und Behandlung von Herzkrankheiten, Bluthochdruck und Schlaganfällen noch effizienter einzusetzen. Die bisherigen Studien belegen, dass TM eine klinisch bewährte, kosteneffiziente Methode ist, Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen und deren Risikofaktoren zu vermindern. Wegen der vielversprechenden Ergebnisse werden die Studien fortgesetzt.

Bessere schulische und akademische Leistungen

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Fergusson L.C. Field Independence and art achievement in meditating and nonmeditating college students. Perceptual and Motor Skills 75: 1171-1175, 1992. Zur Studie …

Kember P. The Transcendental Meditation technique and postgraduate academic performance. British Journal of Educational Psychology 55: 164-166, 1985. Zur Studie …

Nidich S.I., et al. School effectiveness: Achievement gains at the Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment. Education 107: 49-54, 1986. Zur Studie …

Nidich S.I. und Nidich R.J. Increased academic achievement at Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment: A replication study. Education 109: 302-304, 1989. Zur Studie …

Nidich S.I., et al. Academic Achievement and Transcendental Meditation: A Study with At-Risk Urban Middle School Students. Education 131: 3, 2011. Zur Studie …

 

Gesteigerte Intelligenz, Kreativität und Lernfähigkeit

Wissenschaftliche Studien
Aron A., et al. The Transcendental Meditation program in the college curriculum: A 4-year longitudinal study of effects on cognitive and affective functioning. College Student Journal 15: 140-146, 1981.

Cranson R.W., et al. Transcendental Meditation and improved performance on intelligence-related measures: A longitudinal study. Personality and Individual Differences 12: 1105-1116, 1991. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., et al. Frontal EEG coherence, H-reflex recovery, concept learning, and the TM-Sidhi program. International Journal of Neuroscience 15: 151-157, 1981. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C. Meditation and flexibility of visual perception and verbal problem-solving. Memory & Cognition 10: 207-215, 1982. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., et al. Longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program on cognitive ability and cognitive style. Perceptual and Motor Skills 62: 731-738, 1986. Zur Studie …

Fergusson L.F., et al. Vedic Science based education and nonverbal intelligence: A preliminary longitudinal study in Cambodia. Higher Education Research and Development 15: 73-82, 1995. Zur Studie …

Jedrczak A., et al. The TM-Sidhi programme, age, and brief test of perceptual-motor speed and nonverbal intelligence. Journal of Clinical Psychology 42: 161-164, 1986. Zur Studie …

Jedrczak, A., et al. The TM-Sidhi programme, pure consciousness, creativity and intelligence. The Journal of Creative Behavior 19: 270-275, 1985. Zur Studie …

Schötz E. et al., Time perception, mindfulness and attentional capacities in transcendental meditators and matched controls. Personality and Individual Differences, April 2016 (93), 16–21. Zur Studie …

So K.T., und Orme-Johnson D. W. Three randomized experiments on the holistic longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on cognition. Intelligence, 29(5), 419-440, 2001. Zur Studie …

Tjoa A. Increased intelligence and reduced neuroticism through the Transcendental Meditation program. Gedrag: Tijdschrift Voor Psychologie 3: 167-182, 1975. Zur Studie …

Travis F. The Transcendental Meditation technique and creativity: A longitudinal study of Cornell University undergraduates. Journal of Creative Behavior 13: 169-180, 1979. Zur Studie …

Warner T.Q. Transcendental Meditation and developmental advancement: Mediating abilities and conservation performance. Dissertation Abstracts International 47(8): 3558B, 1987. Zur Studie …

Wittmann M. et al., Subjective expansion of extended time-spans in experienced meditators. Frontiers in Psychology, 14. Januar 2015. Zur Studie …

Weniger Angst

Wissenschaftliche Studien
Alexander C.N., et al. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on stress reduction, health, and employee development: A prospective study in two occupational settings. Anxiety, Stress and Coping: An International Journal 6: 245-262, 1993. Zur Studie …

Candelent T., et al. Teaching Transcendental Meditation in a psychiatric setting. Hospital & Community Psychiatry 26: 156-159, 1975. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C. The effect of the Transcendental Meditation technique on anxiety level. Journal of Clinical Psychology 33: 1076-1078, 1977. Zur Studie …

Eppley K.R. et al. Differential effects of relaxation techniques on trait anxiety: A meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychology 45: 957-974, 1989. Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson D.W., Barnes V.A. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on trait anxiety: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Journal of Alternative Complementary Medicine Online-Vorabveröffentlichung: October 9, 2013. Zur Studie …

Sedlmeier P., Eberth J., Schwarz M. et al. The psychological effects of meditation: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin 138: 1139-1171, 2012. Zur Studie …

Reduzierung posttraumatischer Belastungsstörungen (PTBS)

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Barnes, V.A., et al. Impact of Transcendental Meditation on Psychotropic Medication Use Among Active Duty Military Service Members With Anxiety and PTSD. Military Medicine 181, 56–63, 2016. Zur Studie …

Barnes, V.A., et al. Clinical Case Series: Treatment of PTSD With Transcendental Meditation in Active Duty Military Personnel. Military Medicine 178, e836-e840, 2013. Zur Studie …

Brooks, J. S., & Scarano, T. Transcendental Meditation in the treatment of post-Vietnam adjustment. Journal of Counseling and Development, 64, 212–215, 1985. Zur Studie …

Rees B., et al. Reduction in posttraumatic stress symptoms in Congolese refugees practicing Transcendental Meditation. Journal of Traumatic Stress 26, 295–298, 2013. Zur Studie …

Rees B., et al. Significant Reductions in posttraumatic stress symptoms in Congolese refugees within 10 days of Transcendental Meditation practice. Journal of Traumatic Stress 27, 112–115, 2014. Zur Studie …

Rosenthal, J.Z., et al. Effects of Transcendental Meditation in veterans of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom with posttraumatic stress disorder: A pilot study. Military Medicine, 176, 626–630, 2011. Zur Studie …

Höhere Leistung und Produktivität

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C. N., et al. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on stress-reduction, health, and employee development: A prospective study in two occupational settings. Stress, Anxiety and Coping, 6, 245–262, 1993. Zur Studie …

Alexander C. N., et al. Promoting adult psychological development: Implications for management education. Proceedings of the Association of Management, Human Resource Management 2, 133–137, 1990.

Appelle S., und Oswald L.E. Simple reaction time as a function of alertness and prior mental activity. Perceptual and Motor Skills 38: 1263-1268, 1974. Zur Studie …

Broome R., et al. Worksite stress reduction through the Transcendental Meditation Program. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 17(1), 235–276, 2005. Zur Studie …

Frew D.R. Transcendental Meditation and productivity. Academy of Management Journal 17: 362-368, 1974. Zur Studie …

Harung H. S., et al. Peak performance and higher states of consciousness: A study of world-class performers. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 11, (4), 3–23, 1996. Zur Studie …

Holt W.R., et al. Transcendental Meditation vs. pseudo-meditation on visual choice reaction time. Perceptual and Motor Skills 46: 726, 1978. Zur Studie …

McCollum B. Leadership development and self development: An empirical study. Career Development International, 4, (3). 149–154, 1999. Zur Studie …

Schmidt-Wilk J. Developing consciousness in organizations: The Transcendental Meditation program in business. Journal of Business & Psychology, 10, (4), 429–444, 1996. Zur Studie …

So K.T., et al. Three randomized experiments on the holistic longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on cognition. Intelligence, 29(5), 419-440, 2001. Zur Studie …

Schmidt-Wilk J. Consciousness-based management development: Case studies of international top management teams. Journal of Transnational Management Development, 5, (3), 61–85, 2000. Zur Studie …

Warshal D. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on normal and Jendrassik reflex time. Perceptual and Motor Skills 50: 1103-1106, 1980. Zur Studie …

 

Gesteigerte Intelligenz, Kreativität und Lernfähigkeit

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Aron A., et al. The Transcendental Meditation program in the college curriculum: A 4-year longitudinal study of effects on cognitive and affective functioning. College Student Journal 15: 140-146, 1981.

Cranson R.W., et al. Transcendental Meditation and improved performance on intelligence-related measures: A longitudinal study. Personality and Individual Differences 12: 1105-1116, 1991. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., et al. Frontal EEG coherence, H-reflex recovery, concept learning, and the TM-Sidhi program. International Journal of Neuroscience 15: 151-157, 1981. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C. Meditation and flexibility of visual perception and verbal problem-solving. Memory & Cognition 10: 207-215, 1982. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., et al. Longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program on cognitive ability and cognitive style. Perceptual and Motor Skills 62: 731-738, 1986. Zur Studie …

Fergusson L.F., et al. Vedic Science based education and nonverbal intelligence: A preliminary longitudinal study in Cambodia. Higher Education Research and Development 15: 73-82, 1995. Zur Studie …

Jedrczak A., et al. The TM-Sidhi programme, age, and brief test of perceptual-motor speed and nonverbal intelligence. Journal of Clinical Psychology 42: 161-164, 1986. Zur Studie …

Jedrczak, A., et al. The TM-Sidhi programme, pure consciousness, creativity and intelligence. The Journal of Creative Behavior 19: 270-275, 1985. Zur Studie …

Schötz E. et al., Time perception, mindfulness and attentional capacities in transcendental meditators and matched controls. Personality and Individual Differences, April 2016 (93), 16–21. Zur Studie …

So K.T., und Orme-Johnson D. W. Three randomized experiments on the holistic longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on cognition. Intelligence, 29(5), 419-440, 2001. Zur Studie …

Tjoa A. Increased intelligence and reduced neuroticism through the Transcendental Meditation program. Gedrag: Tijdschrift Voor Psychologie 3: 167-182, 1975. Zur Studie …

Travis F. The Transcendental Meditation technique and creativity: A longitudinal study of Cornell University undergraduates. Journal of Creative Behavior 13: 169-180, 1979. Zur Studie …

Warner T.Q. Transcendental Meditation and developmental advancement: Mediating abilities and conservation performance. Dissertation Abstracts International 47(8): 3558B, 1987. Zur Studie …

Wittmann M. et al., Subjective expansion of extended time-spans in experienced meditators. Frontiers in Psychology, 14. Januar 2015. Zur Studie …

TM ist wirksamer als andere Entspannungsmethoden

Eine Metaanalyse einer Auswahl von 100 veröffentlichten, besonders sorgfältig durchgeführten, randomisiert-kontrollierten Studien berichtete über die Wirkungen von Techniken der Stressreduzierung bei erhöhtem Blutdruck von insgesamt etwa 1000 Probanden (Current Hypertension Reports, Dezember 2007). Die eingesetzten Behandlungsverfahren reichten von einfachem Biofeedback-Training über entspannungsgestütztem Biofeedback, Progressiver Muskelentspannung, Stressmanagement-Training bis hin zum Programm der Transzendentalen Meditation. Die Auswertung zeigte, dass lediglich das Programm der Transzendentalen Meditation eine signifikante Blutdrucksenkung herbeiführen konnte.Zur Studie …

Senkung des Bluthochdrucks

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C.N., et al. Transcendental Meditation, mindfulness, and longevity: An experimental study with the elderly. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 57: 950-964, 1989. Zur Studie …

Alexander C.N., et al. Trial of stress reduction for hypertension in older African Americans (part II): sex and risk subgroup analysis. Hypertension 28: 228-237, 1996. Zur Studie …

Anderson J.W., et al. Blood pressure response to Transcendental Meditation: a meta-analysis. American Journal of Hypertension 21 (3): 310-6, 2008. Zur Studie …

Barnes V.A., et al. Impact of Transcendental Meditation on ambulatory blood pressure in African-American adolescents. American Journal of Hypertension 17 (4): 366-369, 2004. Zur Studie …

Barnes V. A., et al. Stress, stress reduction, and hypertension in African Americans: an updated review. Journal of the National Medical Association, 89: 464-476, 1997. Zur Studie …

Barnes V. A., et al. (1999). Acute effects of Transcendental Meditation on hemodynamic functioning in middle-aged adults. Psychosomatic Medicine, 61, 88: 525-531. Zur Studie …

Brook R.D., et al. Beyond Medications and Diet: Alternative Approaches to Lowering Blood Pressure
A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Hypertension 61(6): 1360-1383 , 2013. Zur Studie …

Rainforth M.V., et al. Stress reduction programs in patients with elevated blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Current Hypertension Reports 9: 520–528, 2007. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H., et al. A randomized controlled trial of stress reduction in the treatment of hypertension in African Americans during one year. American Journal of Hypertension 18(1): 88-98, 2005. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H., et al. Long-term effects of stress reduction on mortality in persons ≥ 55 years of age with systemic hypertension. American Journal of Cardiology 95: 1060-1064, 2005. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H., et al. A randomized controlled trial of stress reduction for hypertension in older African Americans. Hypertension 26: 820-827, 1995. Zur Studie …

Senkung des Cholesterinspiegels

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Cooper M. J., et al. Transcendental Meditation in the management of hypercholesterolemia. Journal of Human Stress 5(4): 24–27, 1979. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Cooper M. J., und Aygen M. M. Effect of Transcendental Meditation on serum cholesterol and blood pressure. Harefuah, Journal of the Israel Medical Association 95(1): 1-2, 1978.

Rückgang von Depressionen

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Brooks J.S., et al. Transcendental Meditation in the treatment of post-Vietnam adjustment. Journal of Counseling and Development, 64:212–215, 1985. Zur Studie …

Ferguson P.C., et al. Psychological Findings on Transcendental Meditation. Journal of Humanistic Psychology 16:483-488, 1976.

Geisler M. Therapeutische Wirkungen der Transzendentalen Meditation auf Drogenkonsumenten. Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie 7:235-255, 1978.

Kniffki C. Tranzendentale Meditation und Autogenes Training – Ein Vergleich. München: Kindler Verlag Geist und Psyche, 1979.

 

Abbau von Stress

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Barnes V. A., et al. Stress, stress reduction, and hypertension in African Americans. Journal of the National Medical Association, 89, 464-476, 1997. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C. und Orme-Johnson D. W. Physiological differences between Transcendental Meditation and rest. American Psychologist 42:879–881, 1987. Zur Studie …

Elder Ch., et al., Effect of Transcendental Meditation on Employee Stress, Depression, and Burnout: A Randomized Controlled Study. The Permanente Journal 18(1):19-23, 2014. Zur Studie …

Jevning R., et al. The physiology of meditation: a review. A wakeful hypometabolic integrated response. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 16(3):415-24, 1992. Zur Studie …

Jevning R., et al. The transcendental meditation technique, adrenocortical activity, and implications for stress. Experientia 34(5):618-9, May 15, 1978. Zur Studie …

Jevning R., et al. Adrenocortical activity during meditation. Hormonal Behavior 10(1):54-60, Feb. 1978. Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson D.W. Autonomic stability and Transcendental Meditation. Psychosomatic Medicine 35, 341-349, 1973. Zur Studie (PDF) …

Orme-Johnson D.W. und Walton K. W. All approaches of preventing or reversing effects of stress are not the same. American Journal of Health Promotion 12:297-299, 1998. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H. Altered responses of cortisol, GH, TSH and testosterone to acute stress after four months‘ practice of Transcendental Meditation (TM). Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 746:381-384, 1994. Zur Studie …

Subrahmanyam S. und Porkodi K. Neurohumoral correlates of Transcendental Meditation. Journal of Biomedicine 1: 73–88, 1980.

Walton K.G., et al. Lowering cortisol and CVD risk in postmenopausal women: a pilot study using the Transcendental Meditation program. Annals of New York Academy of Sciences 1032:211-215, 2005. Zur Studie …

Weniger Angst

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C.N., et al. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on stress reduction, health, and employee development: A prospective study in two occupational settings. Anxiety, Stress and Coping: An International Journal 6: 245-262, 1993. Zur Studie …

Candelent T., et al. Teaching Transcendental Meditation in a psychiatric setting. Hospital & Community Psychiatry 26: 156-159, 1975. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C. The effect of the Transcendental Meditation technique on anxiety level. Journal of Clinical Psychology 33: 1076-1078, 1977. Zur Studie …

Eppley K.R. et al. Differential effects of relaxation techniques on trait anxiety: A meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychology 45: 957-974, 1989. Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson D.W., Barnes V.A. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on trait anxiety: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Journal of Alternative Complementary Medicine Online-Vorabveröffentlichung: October 9, 2013. Zur Studie …

Sedlmeier P., Eberth J., Schwarz M. et al. The psychological effects of meditation: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin 138: 1139-1171, 2012. Zur Studie …

 

Besserer Schlaf

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Ljunggren G. Inflytandet av Transcendental Meditation pa neuroticism, medicinbruk och sömnproblem. Läkartidningen 74(47): 4212–4214, 1977. Zur Studie …

Lovell-Smith H. D. Transcendental Meditation – treating the patient as well as the disease. The New Zealand Family Physician 9: 62–65, April 1982. Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson D. W., et al. Meditation in the treatment of chronic pain and insomnia. In National Institutes of Health Technology Assessment Conference on Integration of Behavioral and Relaxation Approaches into the Treatment of Chronic Pain and Insomnia, Bethesda Maryland: National Institutes of Health, 1995. Zur Studie (siehe dort: »Technology Assessment Panel« …

Rückgang von Diabetes-2

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Paul-Labrador M., et al. Effects of a Randomized Controlled Trial of Transcendental Meditation on Components of the Metabolic Syndrome in Subjects With Coronary Heart Disease. Arch Intern Med., 2006;166(11):1218-1224. Zur Studie …

Behandlung und Vorbeugung von Drogenmissbrauch

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C.N., et al. Treating and Preventing Alcohol, Nicotine, and Drug Abuse Through Transcendental Meditation: A Review and Statistical Meta-Analysis. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 11(1-2), 13-87, 1994. Zur Studie …

David A.F., et al. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation Program on Substance Use among University Students. Cardiology Research and Practice 2011 (2011), Artikel-ID 537101 (online). Zur Studie …

Gelderloss P., et al. Effectiveness of the Transcendental Meditation Program in Preventing and Treating Substance Misuse: A Review. The International journal of the addictions 1991, 26(3): 293-325. Zur Studie …

Verbesserte Gehirnfunktionen

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Arenander A., und Travis F.T. Brain patterns of Self-awareness. In B. Beitman and J. Nair, Eds. Self-Awareness Deficits. New York: W.W. Norton, 2004.

Badawi K., et al.. Electrophysiologic characteristics of respiratory suspension periods occurring during the practice of the Transcendental Meditation program. Psychosomatic Medicine 46 (3): 267–276, 1984. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Banquet J.P., und Lesevre N. Event-related potentials in altered states of consciousness: Motivation, motor and sensory processes of the brain. Progress in Brain Research 54: 447-453, 1980.

Bennett J.E., und Trinder J. Hemispheric laterality and cognitive style associated with Transcendental Meditation. Psychophysiology 14: 293-296, 1977. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., und Bronson E.C. Short-term longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on EEG power and coherence. International Journal of Neuroscience 14: 147–151, 1981. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., et al. Frontal EEG coherence, H-reflex recovery, concept learning, and the TM-Sidhi program. International Journal of Neuroscience 15: 151–157, 1981. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Gallois P. Modifications neurophysiologiques et respiratoires lors de la pratique des techniques de relaxation. L’Encéphale 10: 139-144, 1984.

Goddard P.H. Reduced age-related declines of P300 latency in elderly practicing Transcendental Meditation. Psychophysiology 26: 529, 1989.

Hebert R., et al. Enhanced EEG alpha time-domain phase synchrony during Transcendental Meditation: Implications for cortical integration theory. Signal Processing, 85(11): 2213-2232, 2005. Zur Studie …

Lyubimov N.N. Electrophysiological characteristics of mobilization of hidden brain reserves. Abstracts, the International Symposium »Physiological and Biochemical Basis of Brain Activity« (St. Petersburg, Russia: Russian Academy of Science, Institute of the Human Brain): 5, 1994.

Mason L.I., et al. Electrophysiological correlates of higher states of consciousness during sleep in long-term practitioners of the Transcendental Meditation program. Sleep 20 (2): 102-110, 1997. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

McEvoy T.M., et al. Effects of meditation on brainstem auditory evoked potentials. International Journal of Neuroscience 10: 165-170, 1980. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Nidich S.I., et al. Kohlbergian cosmic perspective responses, EEG coherence, and the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program. Journal of Moral Education 12: 166-173, 1983.

Orme-Johnson D.W., und Haynes C.T. EEG phase coherence, pure consciousness, creativity, and TM-Sidhi experiences. International Journal of Neuroscience 13: 211–217, 1981. Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson D.W., und Gelderloos P. Topographic EEG brain mapping during Yogic Flying. International Journal of Neuroscience 38: 427-434, 1988. Zur Studie …

Travis F. Eyes open and TM EEG patterns after one and after eight years of TM practice. Psychophysiology 28 (3a): S58, 1991. Zur Studie …

Travis F., und Miskov S. P300 latency and amplitude during eyes-closed rest and Transcendental Meditation practice. Psychophysiology 31: S67 (Abstract), 1994.

Travis F. et al. Patterns of EEG coherence, power, and contingent negative variation characterize the integration of transcendental and waking states. Biological Psychology 61: 293-319, 2002. Zur Studie …

Travis F. T. und Orme-Johnson D. W. EEG coherence and power during yogic flying. International Journal of Neuroscience 54: 1–12, 1990. Zur Studie …

Travis F. et al. A self-referential default brain state: patterns of coherence, power, and eLORETA sources during eyes-closed rest and the Transcendental Meditation practice. Cognitive Processing 11: (1), 21-30, 2010. Zur Studie …

Travis F., und Arenander A. Cross-sectional and longitudinal study of effects of Transcendental Meditation practice on interhemispheric frontal asymmetry and frontal coherence. International Journal of Neuroscience 12 (116): 1519-38, 2006. Zur Studie …

Wallace R.K., et al. Modification of the paired H reflex through the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program. Experimental Neurology 79: 77-86, 1983. Zur Studie …

Yamamoto S., et al. Medial prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulated cortex in the generation of alpha activity induced by Transcendental Meditation: A magnetoencephalographic study. Acta Medica Okayama, 60(1): 51-58, 2006. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Hilfe für die Heilpädagogik

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Eyerman J. Transcendental Meditation and mental retardation. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 42: 35-36, 1981. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Subrahmanyam S., und Porkodi K. Neurohumoral correlates of Transcendental Meditation. Journal of Biomedicine 1: 73-88, 1980.

Gesteigerte Intelligenz, Kreativität und Lernfähigkeit

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Aron A., et al. The Transcendental Meditation program in the college curriculum: A 4-year longitudinal study of effects on cognitive and affective functioning. College Student Journal 15: 140-146, 1981.

Cranson R.W., et al. Transcendental Meditation and improved performance on intelligence-related measures: A longitudinal study. Personality and Individual Differences 12: 1105-1116, 1991. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., et al. Frontal EEG coherence, H-reflex recovery, concept learning, and the TM-Sidhi program. International Journal of Neuroscience 15: 151-157, 1981. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C. Meditation and flexibility of visual perception and verbal problem-solving. Memory & Cognition 10: 207-215, 1982. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., et al. Longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program on cognitive ability and cognitive style. Perceptual and Motor Skills 62: 731-738, 1986. Zur Studie …

Fergusson L.F., et al. Vedic Science based education and nonverbal intelligence: A preliminary longitudinal study in Cambodia. Higher Education Research and Development 15: 73-82, 1995. Zur Studie …

Jedrczak A., et al. The TM-Sidhi programme, age, and brief test of perceptual-motor speed and nonverbal intelligence. Journal of Clinical Psychology 42: 161-164, 1986. Zur Studie …

Jedrczak, A., et al. The TM-Sidhi programme, pure consciousness, creativity and intelligence. The Journal of Creative Behavior 19: 270-275, 1985. Zur Studie …

Schötz E. et al., Time perception, mindfulness and attentional capacities in transcendental meditators and matched controls. Personality and Individual Differences, April 2016 (93), 16–21. Zur Studie …

So K.T., und Orme-Johnson D. W. Three randomized experiments on the holistic longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on cognition. Intelligence, 29(5), 419-440, 2001. Zur Studie …

Tjoa A. Increased intelligence and reduced neuroticism through the Transcendental Meditation program. Gedrag: Tijdschrift Voor Psychologie 3: 167-182, 1975. Zur Studie …

Travis F. The Transcendental Meditation technique and creativity: A longitudinal study of Cornell University undergraduates. Journal of Creative Behavior 13: 169-180, 1979. Zur Studie …

Warner T.Q. Transcendental Meditation and developmental advancement: Mediating abilities and conservation performance. Dissertation Abstracts International 47(8): 3558B, 1987. Zur Studie …

Wittmann M. et al., Subjective expansion of extended time-spans in experienced meditators. Frontiers in Psychology, 14. Januar 2015. Zur Studie …

 

Rückgang kardiovaskulärer Risiken

Rückgang von Arteriosklerose und Schlaganfall

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Castillo-Richmond A., et al. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation Program on carotid atherosclerosis in hypertensive African Americans, Stroke 31: 568-573, 2000. Zur Studie …

Senkung des Bluthochdrucks

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C.N., et al. Transcendental Meditation, mindfulness, and longevity: An experimental study with the elderly. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 57: 950-964, 1989. Zur Studie …

Alexander C.N., et al. Trial of stress reduction for hypertension in older African Americans (part II): sex and risk subgroup analysis. Hypertension 28: 228-237, 1996. Zur Studie …

Anderson J.W., et al. Blood pressure response to Transcendental Meditation: a meta-analysis. American Journal of Hypertension 21 (3): 310-6, 2008. Zur Studie …

Barnes V.A., et al. Impact of Transcendental Meditation on ambulatory blood pressure in African-American adolescents. American Journal of Hypertension 17 (4): 366-369, 2004. Zur Studie …

Barnes V. A., et al. Stress, stress reduction, and hypertension in African Americans: an updated review. Journal of the National Medical Association, 89: 464-476, 1997. Zur Studie …

Barnes V. A., et al. (1999). Acute effects of Transcendental Meditation on hemodynamic functioning in middle-aged adults. Psychosomatic Medicine, 61, 88: 525-531. Zur Studie …

Brook R.D., et al. Beyond Medications and Diet: Alternative Approaches to Lowering Blood Pressure
A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Hypertension 61(6): 1360-1383 , 2013. Zur Studie …

Rainforth M.V., et al. Stress reduction programs in patients with elevated blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Current Hypertension Reports 9: 520–528, 2007. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H., et al. A randomized controlled trial of stress reduction in the treatment of hypertension in African Americans during one year. American Journal of Hypertension 18(1): 88-98, 2005. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H., et al. Long-term effects of stress reduction on mortality in persons ≥ 55 years of age with systemic hypertension. American Journal of Cardiology 95: 1060-1064, 2005. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H., et al. A randomized controlled trial of stress reduction for hypertension in older African Americans. Hypertension 26: 820-827, 1995. Zur Studie …

 

Senkung des Cholesterinspiegels

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Cooper M. J., et al. Transcendental Meditation in the management of hypercholesterolemia. Journal of Human Stress 5(4): 24–27, 1979. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Cooper M. J., und Aygen M. M. Effect of Transcendental Meditation on serum cholesterol and blood pressure. Harefuah, Journal of the Israel Medical Association 95(1): 1-2, 1978.

 

Verringerung kongestiver Herzinsuffizienz

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Jayadevappa R., et al. Effectiveness of Transcendental Meditation on functional capacity and quality of life of African Americans with congestive heart failure: a randomized control study. Ethnicity and Disease 17: 72-77, 2007. Zur Studie …

 

Weniger Herzinfarkte

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Jayadevappa R., et al. Effectiveness of Transcendental Meditation on functional capacity and quality of life of African Americans with congestive heart failure: a randomized control study. Ethnicity and Disease 17: 72-77, 2007. Zur Studie …

Weniger Freie Radikale

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Schneider R.H., et al. Lower lipid peroxide levels and practitioners of the Transcendental Meditation program. Psychosomatic Medicine 60: 38-41, 1998. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Van Wijk E.P.A., et al. Anatomical characterization of human ultraweak photon emission in practitioners of Transcendental Meditation and control subjects. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine 12:31-38, 1998. Zur Studie …

Van Wijk E.P.A., et al. Differential Effects of Relaxation Techniques on Ultraweak Photon Emission. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine 14:241-250, 2008. Zur Studie …

 

Rückgang des metabolischen Syndroms, Rückgang der Vorstadien von Diabetes

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Paul-Labrador M., et al. Effects of randomized controlled trial of Transcendental Meditation on components of the metabolic syndrome in subjects with coronary heart disease. Archives of Internal Medicine 166:1218-1224, 2006. Zur Studie …

 

Übersicht: Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen und Herz-Kreislauf-Risikofaktoren

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C.N., et al. Effects of Transcendental Meditation compared to other methods of relaxation and meditation in reducing risk factors, morbidity and mortality. Homeostasis 35:243-264, 1994. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Barnes V.A., und Orme-Johnson D.W. Clinical and Pre-clinical Applications of the Transcendental Meditation Program® in the Prevention and Treatment of Essential Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease in Youth and Adults: A Research Review. Current Hypertension Reviews 2:207-218, 2006. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H., et al. Cardiovascular disease prevention and health promotion with the Transcendental Meditation program and Maharishi Consciousness-Based Health Care. Ethnicity and Disease 16 (3 Suppl 4):S4-15-26, 2006. Zur Studie …

Walton K.G., et al. Review of controlled clinical research on the Transcendental Meditation program and cardiovascular disease: Risk factors, morbidity, and mortality. Cardiology in Review 12(5): 262-266, 2004. Zur Studie …

Walton K.G., et al. Psychosocial stress and cardiovascular disease, Part 2: Effectiveness of the Transcendental Meditation program in treatment and prevention. Behavioral Medicine 28: 106-123, 2002. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

American Heart Association: Transzendentale Meditation reduziert Risikofaktoren bei Herzinsuffizienz

Eine unter dem Namen »Transzendentale Meditation« bekannte Entspannungstechnik soll den Blutdruck senken und die Insulinresistenz bei Patienten mindern, liest man in einem am 12. Juni 2006 veröffentlichten Bericht der Archives of Internal Medicine (2006; 166: 1218-1224), einer Publikation desMehr

Verringerung kongestiver Herzinsuffizienz

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Jayadevappa R., et al. Effectiveness of Transcendental Meditation on functional capacity and quality of life of African Americans with congestive heart failure: a randomized control study. Ethnicity and Disease 17: 72-77, 2007. Zur Studie …

 

Umkehr des Alterungsprozesses und erhöhte Langlebigkeit

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C.N., et al. Transcendental Meditation, mindfulness, and longevity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 57: 950-964, 1989. Zur Studie …

Alexander C. N., et al. The effects of Transcendental Meditation compared to other methods of relaxation in reducing risk factors, morbidity, and mortality. Homeostasis 35, 243-264, 1994.

Barnes V. A., et al. Impact of Transcendental Meditation on mortality in older African Americans—eight year follow-up. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 17(1) 201-216, 2005.

Glaser J. L., et al. Elevated serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate levels in practitioners of the Transcendental Meditation (TM) and TM-Sidhi programs. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 15: 327-341, 1992. Zur Studie …

Schneider R. H., et al. The Transcendental Meditation program: reducing the risk of heart disease and mortality and improving quality of life in African Americans. Ethnicity and Disease 11; 159-60, 2001.

Schneider R.H., et al. Long-term effects of stress reduction on mortality in persons > 55 years of age with systemic hypertension. American Journal of Cardiology 95: 1060-1064, 2005. Zur Studie …

Wallace R.K., et al. The effects of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program on the aging process. International Journal of Neuroscience 16: 53-58, 1982. Zur Studie …

Gesteigerte Intelligenz, Kreativität und Lernfähigkeit

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Aron A., et al. The Transcendental Meditation program in the college curriculum: A 4-year longitudinal study of effects on cognitive and affective functioning. College Student Journal 15: 140-146, 1981.

Cranson R.W., et al. Transcendental Meditation and improved performance on intelligence-related measures: A longitudinal study. Personality and Individual Differences 12: 1105-1116, 1991. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., et al. Frontal EEG coherence, H-reflex recovery, concept learning, and the TM-Sidhi program. International Journal of Neuroscience 15: 151-157, 1981. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C. Meditation and flexibility of visual perception and verbal problem-solving. Memory & Cognition 10: 207-215, 1982. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., et al. Longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program on cognitive ability and cognitive style. Perceptual and Motor Skills 62: 731-738, 1986. Zur Studie …

Fergusson L.F., et al. Vedic Science based education and nonverbal intelligence: A preliminary longitudinal study in Cambodia. Higher Education Research and Development 15: 73-82, 1995. Zur Studie …

Jedrczak A., et al. The TM-Sidhi programme, age, and brief test of perceptual-motor speed and nonverbal intelligence. Journal of Clinical Psychology 42: 161-164, 1986. Zur Studie …

Jedrczak, A., et al. The TM-Sidhi programme, pure consciousness, creativity and intelligence. The Journal of Creative Behavior 19: 270-275, 1985. Zur Studie …

Schötz E. et al., Time perception, mindfulness and attentional capacities in transcendental meditators and matched controls. Personality and Individual Differences, April 2016 (93), 16–21. Zur Studie …

So K.T., und Orme-Johnson D. W. Three randomized experiments on the holistic longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on cognition. Intelligence, 29(5), 419-440, 2001. Zur Studie …

Tjoa A. Increased intelligence and reduced neuroticism through the Transcendental Meditation program. Gedrag: Tijdschrift Voor Psychologie 3: 167-182, 1975. Zur Studie …

Travis F. The Transcendental Meditation technique and creativity: A longitudinal study of Cornell University undergraduates. Journal of Creative Behavior 13: 169-180, 1979. Zur Studie …

Warner T.Q. Transcendental Meditation and developmental advancement: Mediating abilities and conservation performance. Dissertation Abstracts International 47(8): 3558B, 1987. Zur Studie …

Wittmann M. et al., Subjective expansion of extended time-spans in experienced meditators. Frontiers in Psychology, 14. Januar 2015. Zur Studie …

 

Bessere schulische und akademische Leistungen

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Fergusson L.C. Field Independence and art achievement in meditating and nonmeditating college students. Perceptual and Motor Skills 75: 1171-1175, 1992. Zur Studie …

Kember P. The Transcendental Meditation technique and postgraduate academic performance. British Journal of Educational Psychology 55: 164-166, 1985. Zur Studie …

Nidich S.I., et al. School effectiveness: Achievement gains at the Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment. Education 107: 49-54, 1986. Zur Studie …

Nidich S.I. und Nidich R.J. Increased academic achievement at Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment: A replication study. Education 109: 302-304, 1989. Zur Studie …

Nidich S.I., et al. Academic Achievement and Transcendental Meditation: A Study with At-Risk Urban Middle School Students. Education 131: 3, 2011. Zur Studie …

 

Höhere Leistung und Produktivität

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C. N., et al. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on stress-reduction, health, and employee development: A prospective study in two occupational settings. Stress, Anxiety and Coping, 6, 245–262, 1993. Zur Studie …

Alexander C. N., et al. Promoting adult psychological development: Implications for management education. Proceedings of the Association of Management, Human Resource Management 2, 133–137, 1990.

Appelle S., und Oswald L.E. Simple reaction time as a function of alertness and prior mental activity. Perceptual and Motor Skills 38: 1263-1268, 1974. Zur Studie …

Broome R., et al. Worksite stress reduction through the Transcendental Meditation Program. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 17(1), 235–276, 2005. Zur Studie …

Frew D.R. Transcendental Meditation and productivity. Academy of Management Journal 17: 362-368, 1974. Zur Studie …

Harung H. S., et al. Peak performance and higher states of consciousness: A study of world-class performers. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 11, (4), 3–23, 1996. Zur Studie …

Holt W.R., et al. Transcendental Meditation vs. pseudo-meditation on visual choice reaction time. Perceptual and Motor Skills 46: 726, 1978. Zur Studie …

McCollum B. Leadership development and self development: An empirical study. Career Development International, 4, (3). 149–154, 1999. Zur Studie …

Schmidt-Wilk J. Developing consciousness in organizations: The Transcendental Meditation program in business. Journal of Business & Psychology, 10, (4), 429–444, 1996. Zur Studie …

So K.T., et al. Three randomized experiments on the holistic longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on cognition. Intelligence, 29(5), 419-440, 2001. Zur Studie …

Schmidt-Wilk J. Consciousness-based management development: Case studies of international top management teams. Journal of Transnational Management Development, 5, (3), 61–85, 2000. Zur Studie …

Warshal D. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on normal and Jendrassik reflex time. Perceptual and Motor Skills 50: 1103-1106, 1980. Zur Studie …

 

Hilfe für die Heilpädagogik

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Eyerman J. Transcendental Meditation and mental retardation. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 42: 35-36, 1981. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Subrahmanyam S., und Porkodi K. Neurohumoral correlates of Transcendental Meditation. Journal of Biomedicine 1: 73-88, 1980.

Verbesserte Integration der Persönlichkeit

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C.N., et al. Transcendental consciousness: a fourth state of consciousness beyond sleep, dreaming, and waking. in J. Gackenbach (ed.), Sleep and Dreams: A Sourcebook, New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 282–315, 1986.

Alexander C.N., et al. Growth of higher stages of consciousness: Maharishi’s Vedic psychology of human development. in Charles N. Alexander and Ellen J. Langer (eds.), Higher Stages of Human Development: Perspectives on Adult Growth. New York: Oxford University Press (1990).

Alexander C. N., et al. Major issues in the exploration of adult growth. In C. N. Alexander and E. J. Langer (Eds.), Higher stages of human development: Perspectives on adult growth (p. 3-32). New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Alexander C. N., et al. Advanced human development in the Vedic Psychology of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi: Theory and research. In M. E. Miller and S. R. Cook-Greuter (Eds.), Transcendence and mature thought in adulthood: The further reaches of adult development (pp. 39-70). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1994.

Alexander C.N., et al. Effect of Practice of The Children’s Transcendental Meditation Technique on Cognitive Stage Development: Acquisition And Consolidation of Conservation, Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 17, 21-46, 2005. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Alexander C.N., et al. Transcendental Meditation, self-actualization, and psychological health: A conceptual overview and statistical meta-analysis. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 6: 189-247, 1991. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Chandler H.M., et al. Transcendental Meditation and postconventional self-development: A 10-year longitudinal study. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 17(1), 93–121, 2005. Zur Studie …

Gelderloos P. Cognitive orientation toward positive values in advanced participants of the TM and TM-Sidhi program. Perceptual and Motor Skills 64: 1003-1012, 1987. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Gelderloos P. Field independence of students at Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment and a Montessori school. Perceptual and Motor Skills 65: 613-614, 1987. Zur Studie …

Gelderloos P. und Beto, Z. H. A. D. The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and reported experiences of transcendental consciousness. Psychologia—An International Journal of Psychology in the Orient 32(2): 91–103, 1989.

Gelderloos P., et al. Transcendence and psychological health: studies with long-term participants of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program. Journal of Psychology 124(2), 177–197, 1990. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Jedraczak A. The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and field independence. Perceptual and Motor Skills 59: 999-100, 1984.

Nidich S., et al. Influence of Transcendental Meditation: A replication. Journal of Counseling Psychology 20: 565-566, 1973. Zur Studie …

Pelletier K.R. Influence of Transcendental Meditation upon autokinetic perception. Perceptual and Motor Skills 39: 1031-1034, 1974. Zur Studie …

Seeman W., et al. Influence of Transcendental Meditation on a measure of self-actualization. Journal of Counseling Psychology 19: 184-187, 1972. Zur Studie …

Barnes V.A., et al. Stress, stress reduction, and hypertension in African Americans. Journal of the National Medical Association, 89, 464-476, 1997. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C. und Orme-Johnson D. W. Physiological differences between Transcendental Meditation and rest. American Psychologist 42:879–881, 1987. Zur Studie …

Jevning R., et al. The physiology of meditation: a review. A wakeful hypometabolic integrated response. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 16(3):415-24, 1992. Zur Studie …

Jevning R., et al. The transcendental meditation technique, adrenocortical activity, and implications for stress. Experientia 34(5):618-9, May 15, 1978. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Jevning R., et al. Adrenocortical activity during meditation, Hormonal Behavior. 10(1):54-60, Feb. 1978. Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson D.W. Autonomic stability and Transcendental Meditation. Psychosomatic Medicine 35, 341-349, 1973. Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson D.W. und Walton K. W. All approaches of preventing or reversing effects of stress are not the same. American Journal of Health Promotion 12:297-299, 1998. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H. Altered responses of cortisol, GH, TSH and testosterone to acute stress after four months‘ practice of Transcendental Meditation (TM). Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 746:381-384, 1994. Zur Studie …

Subrahmanyam S. und Porkodi K. Neurohumoral correlates of Transcendental Meditation. Journal of Biomedicine 1: 73–88, 1980.

Walton K.G., et al. Lowering cortisol and CVD risk in postmenopausal women: a pilot study using the Transcendental Meditation program. Annals of New York Academy of Sciences 1032:211-215, 2005. Zur Studie …

 

Verbessertes Verhalten in der Schule

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Barnes V.A., et al. Impact of stress reduction on negative school behavior in adolescents. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 1:10, 2003. Zur Studie …

Fergusson L.F., et al. Personality and health characteristics of Cambodian undergraduates: A case for student development. Journal of Instructional Psychology 22: 308-319, 1995.

Reduzierung posttraumatischer Belastungsstörungen (PTBS)

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Barnes, V.A., et al. Impact of Transcendental Meditation on Psychotropic Medication Use Among Active Duty Military Service Members With Anxiety and PTSD. Military Medicine 181, 56–63, 2016. Zur Studie …

Barnes, V.A., et al. Clinical Case Series: Treatment of PTSD With Transcendental Meditation in Active Duty Military Personnel. Military Medicine 178, e836-e840, 2013. Zur Studie …

Brooks, J. S., & Scarano, T. Transcendental Meditation in the treatment of post-Vietnam adjustment. Journal of Counseling and Development, 64, 212–215, 1985. Zur Studie …

Rees B., et al. Reduction in posttraumatic stress symptoms in Congolese refugees practicing Transcendental Meditation. Journal of Traumatic Stress 26, 295–298, 2013. Zur Studie …

Rees B., et al. Significant Reductions in posttraumatic stress symptoms in Congolese refugees within 10 days of Transcendental Meditation practice. Journal of Traumatic Stress 27, 112–115, 2014. Zur Studie …

Rosenthal, J.Z., et al. Effects of Transcendental Meditation in veterans of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom with posttraumatic stress disorder: A pilot study. Military Medicine, 176, 626–630, 2011. Zur Studie …

Besserer Schlaf

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Ljunggren G. Inflytandet av Transcendental Meditation pa neuroticism, medicinbruk och sömnproblem. Läkartidningen 74(47): 4212–4214, 1977. Zur Studie …

Lovell-Smith H. D. Transcendental Meditation – treating the patient as well as the disease. The New Zealand Family Physician 9: 62–65, April 1982. Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson D. W., et al. Meditation in the treatment of chronic pain and insomnia. In National Institutes of Health Technology Assessment Conference on Integration of Behavioral and Relaxation Approaches into the Treatment of Chronic Pain and Insomnia, Bethesda Maryland: National Institutes of Health, 1995. Zur Studie (siehe dort: »Technology Assessment Panel« …

Weniger Schmerzen

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Orme-Johnson D.W, et al. Neuroimaging of meditation’s effect on brain reactivity to pain. NeuroReport 17(12):1359-63, 2006. Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson D.W., et al. Meditation in the treatment of chronic pain and insomnia. In National Institutes of Health Technology Assessment Conference on Integration of Behavioral and Relaxation Approaches into the Treatment of Chronic Pain and Insomnia, Bethesda Maryland: National Institutes of Health, 1995. Zur Studie …

Mills W. W. and Farrow J.T. The Transcendental Meditation technique and acute experimental pain. Psychosomatic Medicine 43(2): 157–164, 1981. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …  

Zammara J.W., et al. Usefulness of the Transcendental Meditation program in the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease. American Journal of Cardiology, 77, 867-870, 1996. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Bessere schulische und akademische Leistungen

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Fergusson L.C. Field Independence and art achievement in meditating and nonmeditating college students. Perceptual and Motor Skills 75: 1171-1175, 1992. Zur Studie …

Kember P. The Transcendental Meditation technique and postgraduate academic performance. British Journal of Educational Psychology 55: 164-166, 1985. Zur Studie …

Nidich S.I., et al. School effectiveness: Achievement gains at the Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment. Education 107: 49-54, 1986. Zur Studie …

Nidich S.I. und Nidich R.J. Increased academic achievement at Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment: A replication study. Education 109: 302-304, 1989. Zur Studie …

Nidich S.I., et al. Academic Achievement and Transcendental Meditation: A Study with At-Risk Urban Middle School Students. Education 131: 3, 2011. Zur Studie …

 

Gesteigerte Intelligenz, Kreativität und Lernfähigkeit

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Aron A., et al. The Transcendental Meditation program in the college curriculum: A 4-year longitudinal study of effects on cognitive and affective functioning. College Student Journal 15: 140-146, 1981.

Cranson R.W., et al. Transcendental Meditation and improved performance on intelligence-related measures: A longitudinal study. Personality and Individual Differences 12: 1105-1116, 1991. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., et al. Frontal EEG coherence, H-reflex recovery, concept learning, and the TM-Sidhi program. International Journal of Neuroscience 15: 151-157, 1981. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C. Meditation and flexibility of visual perception and verbal problem-solving. Memory & Cognition 10: 207-215, 1982. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., et al. Longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program on cognitive ability and cognitive style. Perceptual and Motor Skills 62: 731-738, 1986. Zur Studie …

Fergusson L.F., et al. Vedic Science based education and nonverbal intelligence: A preliminary longitudinal study in Cambodia. Higher Education Research and Development 15: 73-82, 1995. Zur Studie …

Jedrczak A., et al. The TM-Sidhi programme, age, and brief test of perceptual-motor speed and nonverbal intelligence. Journal of Clinical Psychology 42: 161-164, 1986. Zur Studie …

Jedrczak, A., et al. The TM-Sidhi programme, pure consciousness, creativity and intelligence. The Journal of Creative Behavior 19: 270-275, 1985. Zur Studie …

Schötz E. et al., Time perception, mindfulness and attentional capacities in transcendental meditators and matched controls. Personality and Individual Differences, April 2016 (93), 16–21. Zur Studie …

So K.T., und Orme-Johnson D. W. Three randomized experiments on the holistic longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on cognition. Intelligence, 29(5), 419-440, 2001. Zur Studie …

Tjoa A. Increased intelligence and reduced neuroticism through the Transcendental Meditation program. Gedrag: Tijdschrift Voor Psychologie 3: 167-182, 1975. Zur Studie …

Travis F. The Transcendental Meditation technique and creativity: A longitudinal study of Cornell University undergraduates. Journal of Creative Behavior 13: 169-180, 1979. Zur Studie …

Warner T.Q. Transcendental Meditation and developmental advancement: Mediating abilities and conservation performance. Dissertation Abstracts International 47(8): 3558B, 1987. Zur Studie …

Wittmann M. et al., Subjective expansion of extended time-spans in experienced meditators. Frontiers in Psychology, 14. Januar 2015. Zur Studie …

 

Verbessertes Verhalten in der Schule

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Barnes V.A., et al. Impact of stress reduction on negative school behavior in adolescents. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 1:10, 2003. Zur Studie …

Fergusson L.F., et al. Personality and health characteristics of Cambodian undergraduates: A case for student development. Journal of Instructional Psychology 22: 308-319, 1995.

Gesellschaftliche Trends

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Assimakis, P. D. und Dillbeck, M. C. Time series analysis of improved quality of life in Canada: Social change, collective consciousness, and the TM-Sidhi program. Psychological Reports, 76, 1171–1193 (1995). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M. C. Test of a field theory of consciousness and social change: Time series analysis of participation in the TM-Sidhi program and reduction of violent death in the U.S. Social Indicators Research, 22(4), 399-418 (1990). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M. C., et al. Test of a field model of consciousness and social change: The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and decreased urban crime. Journal of Mind and Behavior, 9(4), 457–486 (1988). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck, M. C., et al. Consciousness as a field: The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and changes in social indicators. Journal of Mind and Behavior, 8(1), 67–104 (1987). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M. C. und Cavanaugh K. L. Societal violence and collective consciousness: Reduction of U.S. homicide and urban violent crime rates. SAGE open, 14. April 2016. Zur Studie …

Goodman, R. S., et al. Transforming political institutions through individual and collective consciousness: The Maharishi Effect and government. Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, D.C. (1997).

Hatchard, G. D., et al. The Maharishi Effect: A model for social improvement. Time series analysis of a phase transition to reduced crime in Merseyside metropolitan area. Psychology, Crime & Law, 2(3), 165–174 1996). Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson, D. W., et al. The effects of the Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field: Reply to a methodological critique. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 34, 756–768 (1990). Zur Studie …

 

Kriminalität, Gewalt, soziale Konflikte

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Assimakis, P. D. und Dillbeck, M. C. Time series analysis of improved quality of life in Canada: Social change, collective consciousness, and the TM-Sidhi program. Psychological Reports, 76, 1171–1193 (1995). Zur Studie …

Davies, J. L., et al. Alleviating political violence through enhancing coherence in collective consciousness: Impact assessment analyses of the Lebanon war. Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science, 95(1), 1 (1988). Zur Studie …

Davies, J.L. und Alexander, C. N. Alleviating political violence through reducing collective tension: Impact assessment analyses of the Lebanon war. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 17(1): 285–338 (2005). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck, M. C., et al. Test of a field theory of consciousness and social change: Time series analysis of participation in the TM-Sidhi program and reduction of violent death in the U.S. Social Indicators Research, 22, 399–418 (1990). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M. C., et al. Test of a field model of consciousness and social change: The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and decreased urban crime. Journal of Mind and Behavior, 9(4), 457–486 (1988). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck, M. C., et al. Consciousness as a field: The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and changes in social indicators. Journal of Mind and Behavior, 8(1), 67–104 (1987). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck, M. C., et al. The Transcendental Meditation program and crime rate change in a sample of forty-eight cities. Journal of Crime and Justice, 4, 25–45 (1981). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M. C. und Cavanaugh K. L. Societal violence and collective consciousness: Reduction of U.S. homicide and urban violent crime rates. SAGE open, 14. April 2016. Zur Studie …

Goodman, R. S., et al. Transforming political institutions through individual and collective consciousness: The Maharishi Effect and government. Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, D.C. (1997).

Hagelin, J. S., et al. Results of the National Demonstration Project to Reduce Violent Crime and Improve Governmental Effectiveness in Washington, D.C. Social Indicators Research, 47, 153-201 (1999). Zur Studie …

Hatchard, G. D., et al. The Maharishi Effect: A model for social improvement. Time series analysis of a phase transition to reduced crime in Merseyside metropolitan area. Psychology, Crime & Law, 2(3), 165–174 (1996). Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson, D. W. et al. The effects of the Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field: Reply to a methodological critique. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 34, 756–768 (1990). Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson, D. W. et al. International peace project in the Middle East: The effect of the Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 32(4), 776–812 (1988). Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson, D. W. et al. Preventing terrorism and international conflict: Effects of large assemblies of participants in the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi programs. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 36 (1-4), 283–302 (2003). Zur Studie …

 

Wirtschaft

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Assimakis, P.D. und Dillbeck, M.C. Time series analysis of improved quality of life in Canada: Social change, collective consciousness, and the TM-Sidhi program. Psychological Reports, 76, 1171–1193 (1995). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck, M. C., et.al. Consciousness as a field: The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and changes in social indicators. Journal of Mind and Behavior, 8(1), 67–104 (1987). Zur Studie …

Goodman, R. S., et.al. Transforming political institutions through individual and collective consciousness: The Maharishi Effect and government. Jahrestreffen der American Political Science Association (APSA), Washington, D.C. (1997). Zum Archiv der APSA …

Hagelin, J. S.,  et.al. Effects of Group Practice of the Transcendental Meditation Program on Preventing Violent Crime in Washington, D.C.: Results of the National Demonstration Project, June—July 1993 Social Indicators Research, 47, 153-201 (1999). Zur Studie …

Hatchard, G. D., et.al. The Maharishi Effect: A model for social improvement. Time series analysis of a phase transition to reduced crime in Merseyside metropolitan area. Psychology, Crime & Law, 2(3), 165–174 1996). Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson, et.al. The effects of the Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field: Reply to a methodological critique. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 34, 756–768 (1990). Zur Studie …

Abbau von Stress

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Barnes V. A., et al. Stress, stress reduction, and hypertension in African Americans. Journal of the National Medical Association, 89, 464-476, 1997. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C. und Orme-Johnson D. W. Physiological differences between Transcendental Meditation and rest. American Psychologist 42:879–881, 1987. Zur Studie …

Elder Ch., et al., Effect of Transcendental Meditation on Employee Stress, Depression, and Burnout: A Randomized Controlled Study. The Permanente Journal 18(1):19-23, 2014. Zur Studie …

Jevning R., et al. The physiology of meditation: a review. A wakeful hypometabolic integrated response. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 16(3):415-24, 1992. Zur Studie …

Jevning R., et al. The transcendental meditation technique, adrenocortical activity, and implications for stress. Experientia 34(5):618-9, May 15, 1978. Zur Studie …

Jevning R., et al. Adrenocortical activity during meditation. Hormonal Behavior 10(1):54-60, Feb. 1978. Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson D.W. Autonomic stability and Transcendental Meditation. Psychosomatic Medicine 35, 341-349, 1973. Zur Studie (PDF) …

Orme-Johnson D.W. und Walton K. W. All approaches of preventing or reversing effects of stress are not the same. American Journal of Health Promotion 12:297-299, 1998. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H. Altered responses of cortisol, GH, TSH and testosterone to acute stress after four months‘ practice of Transcendental Meditation (TM). Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 746:381-384, 1994. Zur Studie …

Subrahmanyam S. und Porkodi K. Neurohumoral correlates of Transcendental Meditation. Journal of Biomedicine 1: 73–88, 1980.

Walton K.G., et al. Lowering cortisol and CVD risk in postmenopausal women: a pilot study using the Transcendental Meditation program. Annals of New York Academy of Sciences 1032:211-215, 2005. Zur Studie …

 

Schnellere Erholung von Stress

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Barnes V. A., et al. Impact of Transcendental Meditation on cardiovascular function at rest and during acute stress in adolescents with high normal blood pressure. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 51, 597-605, 2001. Zum Artikel …

Brooks J.S. und Scarano T. Transcendental Meditation in the treatment of post-Vietnam adjustment. Journal of Counseling and Development 64: 212-215, 1985. Zum Artikel …

Gaylord C., et al. The effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique and progressive muscle relaxation on EEG coherence, stress reactivity, and mental health in black adults. International Journal of Neuroscience 46: 77-86, 1989. Zum Artikel …

Orme-Johnson D.W. Autonomic stability and Transcendental Meditation. Psychosomatic Medicine 35: 341-349, 1973. Zum Artikel (PDF) …

 

Besserer Schlaf

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Ljunggren G. Inflytandet av Transcendental Meditation pa neuroticism, medicinbruk och sömnproblem. Läkartidningen 74(47): 4212–4214, 1977. Zur Studie …

Lovell-Smith H. D. Transcendental Meditation – treating the patient as well as the disease. The New Zealand Family Physician 9: 62–65, April 1982. Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson D. W., et al. Meditation in the treatment of chronic pain and insomnia. In National Institutes of Health Technology Assessment Conference on Integration of Behavioral and Relaxation Approaches into the Treatment of Chronic Pain and Insomnia, Bethesda Maryland: National Institutes of Health, 1995. Zur Studie (siehe dort: »Technology Assessment Panel« …

 

Senkung des Bluthochdrucks

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C.N., et al. Transcendental Meditation, mindfulness, and longevity: An experimental study with the elderly. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 57: 950-964, 1989. Zur Studie …

Alexander C.N., et al. Trial of stress reduction for hypertension in older African Americans (part II): sex and risk subgroup analysis. Hypertension 28: 228-237, 1996. Zur Studie …

Anderson J.W., et al. Blood pressure response to Transcendental Meditation: a meta-analysis. American Journal of Hypertension 21 (3): 310-6, 2008. Zur Studie …

Barnes V.A., et al. Impact of Transcendental Meditation on ambulatory blood pressure in African-American adolescents. American Journal of Hypertension 17 (4): 366-369, 2004. Zur Studie …

Barnes V. A., et al. Stress, stress reduction, and hypertension in African Americans: an updated review. Journal of the National Medical Association, 89: 464-476, 1997. Zur Studie …

Barnes V. A., et al. (1999). Acute effects of Transcendental Meditation on hemodynamic functioning in middle-aged adults. Psychosomatic Medicine, 61, 88: 525-531. Zur Studie …

Brook R.D., et al. Beyond Medications and Diet: Alternative Approaches to Lowering Blood Pressure
A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Hypertension 61(6): 1360-1383 , 2013. Zur Studie …

Rainforth M.V., et al. Stress reduction programs in patients with elevated blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Current Hypertension Reports 9: 520–528, 2007. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H., et al. A randomized controlled trial of stress reduction in the treatment of hypertension in African Americans during one year. American Journal of Hypertension 18(1): 88-98, 2005. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H., et al. Long-term effects of stress reduction on mortality in persons ≥ 55 years of age with systemic hypertension. American Journal of Cardiology 95: 1060-1064, 2005. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H., et al. A randomized controlled trial of stress reduction for hypertension in older African Americans. Hypertension 26: 820-827, 1995. Zur Studie …

Kriminalität, Gewalt, soziale Konflikte

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Assimakis, P. D. und Dillbeck, M. C. Time series analysis of improved quality of life in Canada: Social change, collective consciousness, and the TM-Sidhi program. Psychological Reports, 76, 1171–1193 (1995). Zur Studie …

Davies, J. L., et al. Alleviating political violence through enhancing coherence in collective consciousness: Impact assessment analyses of the Lebanon war. Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science, 95(1), 1 (1988). Zur Studie …

Davies, J.L. und Alexander, C. N. Alleviating political violence through reducing collective tension: Impact assessment analyses of the Lebanon war. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 17(1): 285–338 (2005). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck, M. C., et al. Test of a field theory of consciousness and social change: Time series analysis of participation in the TM-Sidhi program and reduction of violent death in the U.S. Social Indicators Research, 22, 399–418 (1990). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M. C., et al. Test of a field model of consciousness and social change: The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and decreased urban crime. Journal of Mind and Behavior, 9(4), 457–486 (1988). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck, M. C., et al. Consciousness as a field: The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and changes in social indicators. Journal of Mind and Behavior, 8(1), 67–104 (1987). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck, M. C., et al. The Transcendental Meditation program and crime rate change in a sample of forty-eight cities. Journal of Crime and Justice, 4, 25–45 (1981). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M. C. und Cavanaugh K. L. Societal violence and collective consciousness: Reduction of U.S. homicide and urban violent crime rates. SAGE open, 14. April 2016. Zur Studie …

Goodman, R. S., et al. Transforming political institutions through individual and collective consciousness: The Maharishi Effect and government. Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, D.C. (1997).

Hagelin, J. S., et al. Results of the National Demonstration Project to Reduce Violent Crime and Improve Governmental Effectiveness in Washington, D.C. Social Indicators Research, 47, 153-201 (1999). Zur Studie …

Hatchard, G. D., et al. The Maharishi Effect: A model for social improvement. Time series analysis of a phase transition to reduced crime in Merseyside metropolitan area. Psychology, Crime & Law, 2(3), 165–174 (1996). Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson, D. W. et al. The effects of the Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field: Reply to a methodological critique. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 34, 756–768 (1990). Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson, D. W. et al. International peace project in the Middle East: The effect of the Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 32(4), 776–812 (1988). Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson, D. W. et al. Preventing terrorism and international conflict: Effects of large assemblies of participants in the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi programs. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 36 (1-4), 283–302 (2003). Zur Studie …

Umkehr des Alterungsprozesses und erhöhte Langlebigkeit

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C.N., et al. Transcendental Meditation, mindfulness, and longevity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 57: 950-964, 1989. Zur Studie …

Alexander C. N., et al. The effects of Transcendental Meditation compared to other methods of relaxation in reducing risk factors, morbidity, and mortality. Homeostasis 35, 243-264, 1994.

Barnes V. A., et al. Impact of Transcendental Meditation on mortality in older African Americans—eight year follow-up. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 17(1) 201-216, 2005.

Glaser J. L., et al. Elevated serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate levels in practitioners of the Transcendental Meditation (TM) and TM-Sidhi programs. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 15: 327-341, 1992. Zur Studie …

Schneider R. H., et al. The Transcendental Meditation program: reducing the risk of heart disease and mortality and improving quality of life in African Americans. Ethnicity and Disease 11; 159-60, 2001.

Schneider R.H., et al. Long-term effects of stress reduction on mortality in persons > 55 years of age with systemic hypertension. American Journal of Cardiology 95: 1060-1064, 2005. Zur Studie …

Wallace R.K., et al. The effects of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program on the aging process. International Journal of Neuroscience 16: 53-58, 1982. Zur Studie …

Behandlung und Vorbeugung von Drogenmissbrauch

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C.N., et al. Treating and Preventing Alcohol, Nicotine, and Drug Abuse Through Transcendental Meditation: A Review and Statistical Meta-Analysis. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 11(1-2), 13-87, 1994. Zur Studie …

David A.F., et al. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation Program on Substance Use among University Students. Cardiology Research and Practice 2011 (2011), Artikel-ID 537101 (online). Zur Studie …

Gelderloss P., et al. Effectiveness of the Transcendental Meditation Program in Preventing and Treating Substance Misuse: A Review. The International journal of the addictions 1991, 26(3): 293-325. Zur Studie …

Diese Seite führt Studien auf, die mit finanzieller Unterstützung der National Institutes of Health (NIH), USA, durchgeführt wurden. Die NIH sind die wichtigste Gesundheitsbehörde der USA.

Rückgang der Arteriosklerose, weniger Schlaganfälle

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Castillo-Richmond A., et al. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation Program on carotid atherosclerosis in hypertensive African Americans, Stroke 31: 568-573, 2000. Zur Studie …

 

Senkung von Bluthochdruck

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C.N., et al. Transcendental Meditation, mindfulness, and longevity: An experimental study with the elderly. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 57:950-964, 1989. Zur Studie …

Forschung

Die Forschung auf einen Blick

Die Forschung, die wir für Sie zusammengestellt haben (siehe linke Spalte; bitte jeweils klicken), zeigt: Das Potential des Menschen bietet weitaus größere Entwicklungsmöglichkeiten als bisher angenommen. Mit über 600 Arbeiten, darunter 364 Peer Review-Studien, durchgeführt an 250 unabhängigen Universitäten und anderen wissenschaftlichen Instituten in 33 Ländern, ist TM die wissenschaftlich am umfassendsten dokumentierte Meditationstechnik. Veröffentlicht in über 100 weltweit führenden wissenschaftlichen Fachzeitschriften, bestätigen die Studien den Nutzen der TM für jeden Lebensbereich (siehe Unterseiten links).

Vorteile für viele Lebensbereiche

Wissenschaftler fanden heraus, dass Transzendentale Meditation die innere Intelligenz des Körpers belebt und dadurch seine angeborene Fähigkeit unterstützt, sich selbst zu heilen. Eine Übersicht über das breite Spektrum positiver Wirkungen — von der Forschung bestätigt und veröffentlicht in führenden medizinischen und anderen akademischen Fachzeitschriften — finden Sie auf den Unterseiten links.

Staatliche Anerkennung und Unterstützung

Die Bundesgesundheitsbehörden der USA (National Institutes of Health, NIH) unterstützen mit rund 24 Mio. USD ein Forschungsprojekt, um Transzendentale Meditation bei der Vorbeugung und Behandlung von Herzkrankheiten, Bluthochdruck und Schlaganfällen noch effizienter einzusetzen. Die bisherigen Studien belegen, dass TM eine klinisch bewährte, kosteneffiziente Methode ist, Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen und deren Risikofaktoren zu vermindern. Wegen der vielversprechenden Ergebnisse werden die Studien fortgesetzt.

Akademische Leistung

Bessere schulische und akademische Leistungen

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Fergusson L.C. Field Independence and art achievement in meditating and nonmeditating college students. Perceptual and Motor Skills 75: 1171-1175, 1992. Zur Studie …

Kember P. The Transcendental Meditation technique and postgraduate academic performance. British Journal of Educational Psychology 55: 164-166, 1985. Zur Studie …

Nidich S.I., et al. School effectiveness: Achievement gains at the Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment. Education 107: 49-54, 1986. Zur Studie …

Nidich S.I. und Nidich R.J. Increased academic achievement at Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment: A replication study. Education 109: 302-304, 1989. Zur Studie …

Nidich S.I., et al. Academic Achievement and Transcendental Meditation: A Study with At-Risk Urban Middle School Students. Education 131: 3, 2011. Zur Studie …

 

Gesteigerte Intelligenz, Kreativität und Lernfähigkeit

Wissenschaftliche Studien
Aron A., et al. The Transcendental Meditation program in the college curriculum: A 4-year longitudinal study of effects on cognitive and affective functioning. College Student Journal 15: 140-146, 1981.

Cranson R.W., et al. Transcendental Meditation and improved performance on intelligence-related measures: A longitudinal study. Personality and Individual Differences 12: 1105-1116, 1991. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., et al. Frontal EEG coherence, H-reflex recovery, concept learning, and the TM-Sidhi program. International Journal of Neuroscience 15: 151-157, 1981. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C. Meditation and flexibility of visual perception and verbal problem-solving. Memory & Cognition 10: 207-215, 1982. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., et al. Longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program on cognitive ability and cognitive style. Perceptual and Motor Skills 62: 731-738, 1986. Zur Studie …

Fergusson L.F., et al. Vedic Science based education and nonverbal intelligence: A preliminary longitudinal study in Cambodia. Higher Education Research and Development 15: 73-82, 1995. Zur Studie …

Jedrczak A., et al. The TM-Sidhi programme, age, and brief test of perceptual-motor speed and nonverbal intelligence. Journal of Clinical Psychology 42: 161-164, 1986. Zur Studie …

Jedrczak, A., et al. The TM-Sidhi programme, pure consciousness, creativity and intelligence. The Journal of Creative Behavior 19: 270-275, 1985. Zur Studie …

Schötz E. et al., Time perception, mindfulness and attentional capacities in transcendental meditators and matched controls. Personality and Individual Differences, April 2016 (93), 16–21. Zur Studie …

So K.T., und Orme-Johnson D. W. Three randomized experiments on the holistic longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on cognition. Intelligence, 29(5), 419-440, 2001. Zur Studie …

Tjoa A. Increased intelligence and reduced neuroticism through the Transcendental Meditation program. Gedrag: Tijdschrift Voor Psychologie 3: 167-182, 1975. Zur Studie …

Travis F. The Transcendental Meditation technique and creativity: A longitudinal study of Cornell University undergraduates. Journal of Creative Behavior 13: 169-180, 1979. Zur Studie …

Warner T.Q. Transcendental Meditation and developmental advancement: Mediating abilities and conservation performance. Dissertation Abstracts International 47(8): 3558B, 1987. Zur Studie …

Wittmann M. et al., Subjective expansion of extended time-spans in experienced meditators. Frontiers in Psychology, 14. Januar 2015. Zur Studie …

Angst

Weniger Angst

Wissenschaftliche Studien
Alexander C.N., et al. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on stress reduction, health, and employee development: A prospective study in two occupational settings. Anxiety, Stress and Coping: An International Journal 6: 245-262, 1993. Zur Studie …

Candelent T., et al. Teaching Transcendental Meditation in a psychiatric setting. Hospital & Community Psychiatry 26: 156-159, 1975. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C. The effect of the Transcendental Meditation technique on anxiety level. Journal of Clinical Psychology 33: 1076-1078, 1977. Zur Studie …

Eppley K.R. et al. Differential effects of relaxation techniques on trait anxiety: A meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychology 45: 957-974, 1989. Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson D.W., Barnes V.A. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on trait anxiety: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Journal of Alternative Complementary Medicine Online-Vorabveröffentlichung: October 9, 2013. Zur Studie …

Sedlmeier P., Eberth J., Schwarz M. et al. The psychological effects of meditation: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin 138: 1139-1171, 2012. Zur Studie …

Reduzierung posttraumatischer Belastungsstörungen (PTBS)

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Barnes, V.A., et al. Impact of Transcendental Meditation on Psychotropic Medication Use Among Active Duty Military Service Members With Anxiety and PTSD. Military Medicine 181, 56–63, 2016. Zur Studie …

Barnes, V.A., et al. Clinical Case Series: Treatment of PTSD With Transcendental Meditation in Active Duty Military Personnel. Military Medicine 178, e836-e840, 2013. Zur Studie …

Brooks, J. S., & Scarano, T. Transcendental Meditation in the treatment of post-Vietnam adjustment. Journal of Counseling and Development, 64, 212–215, 1985. Zur Studie …

Rees B., et al. Reduction in posttraumatic stress symptoms in Congolese refugees practicing Transcendental Meditation. Journal of Traumatic Stress 26, 295–298, 2013. Zur Studie …

Rees B., et al. Significant Reductions in posttraumatic stress symptoms in Congolese refugees within 10 days of Transcendental Meditation practice. Journal of Traumatic Stress 27, 112–115, 2014. Zur Studie …

Rosenthal, J.Z., et al. Effects of Transcendental Meditation in veterans of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom with posttraumatic stress disorder: A pilot study. Military Medicine, 176, 626–630, 2011. Zur Studie …

Berufliche Leistung

Höhere Leistung und Produktivität

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C. N., et al. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on stress-reduction, health, and employee development: A prospective study in two occupational settings. Stress, Anxiety and Coping, 6, 245–262, 1993. Zur Studie …

Alexander C. N., et al. Promoting adult psychological development: Implications for management education. Proceedings of the Association of Management, Human Resource Management 2, 133–137, 1990.

Appelle S., und Oswald L.E. Simple reaction time as a function of alertness and prior mental activity. Perceptual and Motor Skills 38: 1263-1268, 1974. Zur Studie …

Broome R., et al. Worksite stress reduction through the Transcendental Meditation Program. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 17(1), 235–276, 2005. Zur Studie …

Frew D.R. Transcendental Meditation and productivity. Academy of Management Journal 17: 362-368, 1974. Zur Studie …

Harung H. S., et al. Peak performance and higher states of consciousness: A study of world-class performers. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 11, (4), 3–23, 1996. Zur Studie …

Holt W.R., et al. Transcendental Meditation vs. pseudo-meditation on visual choice reaction time. Perceptual and Motor Skills 46: 726, 1978. Zur Studie …

McCollum B. Leadership development and self development: An empirical study. Career Development International, 4, (3). 149–154, 1999. Zur Studie …

Schmidt-Wilk J. Developing consciousness in organizations: The Transcendental Meditation program in business. Journal of Business & Psychology, 10, (4), 429–444, 1996. Zur Studie …

So K.T., et al. Three randomized experiments on the holistic longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on cognition. Intelligence, 29(5), 419-440, 2001. Zur Studie …

Schmidt-Wilk J. Consciousness-based management development: Case studies of international top management teams. Journal of Transnational Management Development, 5, (3), 61–85, 2000. Zur Studie …

Warshal D. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on normal and Jendrassik reflex time. Perceptual and Motor Skills 50: 1103-1106, 1980. Zur Studie …

 

Gesteigerte Intelligenz, Kreativität und Lernfähigkeit

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Aron A., et al. The Transcendental Meditation program in the college curriculum: A 4-year longitudinal study of effects on cognitive and affective functioning. College Student Journal 15: 140-146, 1981.

Cranson R.W., et al. Transcendental Meditation and improved performance on intelligence-related measures: A longitudinal study. Personality and Individual Differences 12: 1105-1116, 1991. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., et al. Frontal EEG coherence, H-reflex recovery, concept learning, and the TM-Sidhi program. International Journal of Neuroscience 15: 151-157, 1981. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C. Meditation and flexibility of visual perception and verbal problem-solving. Memory & Cognition 10: 207-215, 1982. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., et al. Longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program on cognitive ability and cognitive style. Perceptual and Motor Skills 62: 731-738, 1986. Zur Studie …

Fergusson L.F., et al. Vedic Science based education and nonverbal intelligence: A preliminary longitudinal study in Cambodia. Higher Education Research and Development 15: 73-82, 1995. Zur Studie …

Jedrczak A., et al. The TM-Sidhi programme, age, and brief test of perceptual-motor speed and nonverbal intelligence. Journal of Clinical Psychology 42: 161-164, 1986. Zur Studie …

Jedrczak, A., et al. The TM-Sidhi programme, pure consciousness, creativity and intelligence. The Journal of Creative Behavior 19: 270-275, 1985. Zur Studie …

Schötz E. et al., Time perception, mindfulness and attentional capacities in transcendental meditators and matched controls. Personality and Individual Differences, April 2016 (93), 16–21. Zur Studie …

So K.T., und Orme-Johnson D. W. Three randomized experiments on the holistic longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on cognition. Intelligence, 29(5), 419-440, 2001. Zur Studie …

Tjoa A. Increased intelligence and reduced neuroticism through the Transcendental Meditation program. Gedrag: Tijdschrift Voor Psychologie 3: 167-182, 1975. Zur Studie …

Travis F. The Transcendental Meditation technique and creativity: A longitudinal study of Cornell University undergraduates. Journal of Creative Behavior 13: 169-180, 1979. Zur Studie …

Warner T.Q. Transcendental Meditation and developmental advancement: Mediating abilities and conservation performance. Dissertation Abstracts International 47(8): 3558B, 1987. Zur Studie …

Wittmann M. et al., Subjective expansion of extended time-spans in experienced meditators. Frontiers in Psychology, 14. Januar 2015. Zur Studie …

Bluthochdruck

TM ist wirksamer als andere Entspannungsmethoden

Eine Metaanalyse einer Auswahl von 100 veröffentlichten, besonders sorgfältig durchgeführten, randomisiert-kontrollierten Studien berichtete über die Wirkungen von Techniken der Stressreduzierung bei erhöhtem Blutdruck von insgesamt etwa 1000 Probanden (Current Hypertension Reports, Dezember 2007). Die eingesetzten Behandlungsverfahren reichten von einfachem Biofeedback-Training über entspannungsgestütztem Biofeedback, Progressiver Muskelentspannung, Stressmanagement-Training bis hin zum Programm der Transzendentalen Meditation. Die Auswertung zeigte, dass lediglich das Programm der Transzendentalen Meditation eine signifikante Blutdrucksenkung herbeiführen konnte.Zur Studie …

Senkung des Bluthochdrucks

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C.N., et al. Transcendental Meditation, mindfulness, and longevity: An experimental study with the elderly. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 57: 950-964, 1989. Zur Studie …

Alexander C.N., et al. Trial of stress reduction for hypertension in older African Americans (part II): sex and risk subgroup analysis. Hypertension 28: 228-237, 1996. Zur Studie …

Anderson J.W., et al. Blood pressure response to Transcendental Meditation: a meta-analysis. American Journal of Hypertension 21 (3): 310-6, 2008. Zur Studie …

Barnes V.A., et al. Impact of Transcendental Meditation on ambulatory blood pressure in African-American adolescents. American Journal of Hypertension 17 (4): 366-369, 2004. Zur Studie …

Barnes V. A., et al. Stress, stress reduction, and hypertension in African Americans: an updated review. Journal of the National Medical Association, 89: 464-476, 1997. Zur Studie …

Barnes V. A., et al. (1999). Acute effects of Transcendental Meditation on hemodynamic functioning in middle-aged adults. Psychosomatic Medicine, 61, 88: 525-531. Zur Studie …

Brook R.D., et al. Beyond Medications and Diet: Alternative Approaches to Lowering Blood Pressure
A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Hypertension 61(6): 1360-1383 , 2013. Zur Studie …

Rainforth M.V., et al. Stress reduction programs in patients with elevated blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Current Hypertension Reports 9: 520–528, 2007. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H., et al. A randomized controlled trial of stress reduction in the treatment of hypertension in African Americans during one year. American Journal of Hypertension 18(1): 88-98, 2005. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H., et al. Long-term effects of stress reduction on mortality in persons ≥ 55 years of age with systemic hypertension. American Journal of Cardiology 95: 1060-1064, 2005. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H., et al. A randomized controlled trial of stress reduction for hypertension in older African Americans. Hypertension 26: 820-827, 1995. Zur Studie …

Cholesterin

Senkung des Cholesterinspiegels

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Cooper M. J., et al. Transcendental Meditation in the management of hypercholesterolemia. Journal of Human Stress 5(4): 24–27, 1979. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Cooper M. J., und Aygen M. M. Effect of Transcendental Meditation on serum cholesterol and blood pressure. Harefuah, Journal of the Israel Medical Association 95(1): 1-2, 1978.

Depression

Rückgang von Depressionen

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Brooks J.S., et al. Transcendental Meditation in the treatment of post-Vietnam adjustment. Journal of Counseling and Development, 64:212–215, 1985. Zur Studie …

Ferguson P.C., et al. Psychological Findings on Transcendental Meditation. Journal of Humanistic Psychology 16:483-488, 1976.

Geisler M. Therapeutische Wirkungen der Transzendentalen Meditation auf Drogenkonsumenten. Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie 7:235-255, 1978.

Kniffki C. Tranzendentale Meditation und Autogenes Training – Ein Vergleich. München: Kindler Verlag Geist und Psyche, 1979.

 

Abbau von Stress

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Barnes V. A., et al. Stress, stress reduction, and hypertension in African Americans. Journal of the National Medical Association, 89, 464-476, 1997. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C. und Orme-Johnson D. W. Physiological differences between Transcendental Meditation and rest. American Psychologist 42:879–881, 1987. Zur Studie …

Elder Ch., et al., Effect of Transcendental Meditation on Employee Stress, Depression, and Burnout: A Randomized Controlled Study. The Permanente Journal 18(1):19-23, 2014. Zur Studie …

Jevning R., et al. The physiology of meditation: a review. A wakeful hypometabolic integrated response. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 16(3):415-24, 1992. Zur Studie …

Jevning R., et al. The transcendental meditation technique, adrenocortical activity, and implications for stress. Experientia 34(5):618-9, May 15, 1978. Zur Studie …

Jevning R., et al. Adrenocortical activity during meditation. Hormonal Behavior 10(1):54-60, Feb. 1978. Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson D.W. Autonomic stability and Transcendental Meditation. Psychosomatic Medicine 35, 341-349, 1973. Zur Studie (PDF) …

Orme-Johnson D.W. und Walton K. W. All approaches of preventing or reversing effects of stress are not the same. American Journal of Health Promotion 12:297-299, 1998. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H. Altered responses of cortisol, GH, TSH and testosterone to acute stress after four months‘ practice of Transcendental Meditation (TM). Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 746:381-384, 1994. Zur Studie …

Subrahmanyam S. und Porkodi K. Neurohumoral correlates of Transcendental Meditation. Journal of Biomedicine 1: 73–88, 1980.

Walton K.G., et al. Lowering cortisol and CVD risk in postmenopausal women: a pilot study using the Transcendental Meditation program. Annals of New York Academy of Sciences 1032:211-215, 2005. Zur Studie …

Weniger Angst

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C.N., et al. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on stress reduction, health, and employee development: A prospective study in two occupational settings. Anxiety, Stress and Coping: An International Journal 6: 245-262, 1993. Zur Studie …

Candelent T., et al. Teaching Transcendental Meditation in a psychiatric setting. Hospital & Community Psychiatry 26: 156-159, 1975. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C. The effect of the Transcendental Meditation technique on anxiety level. Journal of Clinical Psychology 33: 1076-1078, 1977. Zur Studie …

Eppley K.R. et al. Differential effects of relaxation techniques on trait anxiety: A meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychology 45: 957-974, 1989. Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson D.W., Barnes V.A. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on trait anxiety: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Journal of Alternative Complementary Medicine Online-Vorabveröffentlichung: October 9, 2013. Zur Studie …

Sedlmeier P., Eberth J., Schwarz M. et al. The psychological effects of meditation: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin 138: 1139-1171, 2012. Zur Studie …

 

Besserer Schlaf

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Ljunggren G. Inflytandet av Transcendental Meditation pa neuroticism, medicinbruk och sömnproblem. Läkartidningen 74(47): 4212–4214, 1977. Zur Studie …

Lovell-Smith H. D. Transcendental Meditation – treating the patient as well as the disease. The New Zealand Family Physician 9: 62–65, April 1982. Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson D. W., et al. Meditation in the treatment of chronic pain and insomnia. In National Institutes of Health Technology Assessment Conference on Integration of Behavioral and Relaxation Approaches into the Treatment of Chronic Pain and Insomnia, Bethesda Maryland: National Institutes of Health, 1995. Zur Studie (siehe dort: »Technology Assessment Panel« …

Diabetes

Rückgang von Diabetes-2

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Paul-Labrador M., et al. Effects of a Randomized Controlled Trial of Transcendental Meditation on Components of the Metabolic Syndrome in Subjects With Coronary Heart Disease. Arch Intern Med., 2006;166(11):1218-1224. Zur Studie …

Drogenmissbrauch

Behandlung und Vorbeugung von Drogenmissbrauch

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C.N., et al. Treating and Preventing Alcohol, Nicotine, and Drug Abuse Through Transcendental Meditation: A Review and Statistical Meta-Analysis. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 11(1-2), 13-87, 1994. Zur Studie …

David A.F., et al. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation Program on Substance Use among University Students. Cardiology Research and Practice 2011 (2011), Artikel-ID 537101 (online). Zur Studie …

Gelderloss P., et al. Effectiveness of the Transcendental Meditation Program in Preventing and Treating Substance Misuse: A Review. The International journal of the addictions 1991, 26(3): 293-325. Zur Studie …

Gehirnfunktion

Verbesserte Gehirnfunktionen

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Arenander A., und Travis F.T. Brain patterns of Self-awareness. In B. Beitman and J. Nair, Eds. Self-Awareness Deficits. New York: W.W. Norton, 2004.

Badawi K., et al.. Electrophysiologic characteristics of respiratory suspension periods occurring during the practice of the Transcendental Meditation program. Psychosomatic Medicine 46 (3): 267–276, 1984. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Banquet J.P., und Lesevre N. Event-related potentials in altered states of consciousness: Motivation, motor and sensory processes of the brain. Progress in Brain Research 54: 447-453, 1980.

Bennett J.E., und Trinder J. Hemispheric laterality and cognitive style associated with Transcendental Meditation. Psychophysiology 14: 293-296, 1977. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., und Bronson E.C. Short-term longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on EEG power and coherence. International Journal of Neuroscience 14: 147–151, 1981. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., et al. Frontal EEG coherence, H-reflex recovery, concept learning, and the TM-Sidhi program. International Journal of Neuroscience 15: 151–157, 1981. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Gallois P. Modifications neurophysiologiques et respiratoires lors de la pratique des techniques de relaxation. L’Encéphale 10: 139-144, 1984.

Goddard P.H. Reduced age-related declines of P300 latency in elderly practicing Transcendental Meditation. Psychophysiology 26: 529, 1989.

Hebert R., et al. Enhanced EEG alpha time-domain phase synchrony during Transcendental Meditation: Implications for cortical integration theory. Signal Processing, 85(11): 2213-2232, 2005. Zur Studie …

Lyubimov N.N. Electrophysiological characteristics of mobilization of hidden brain reserves. Abstracts, the International Symposium »Physiological and Biochemical Basis of Brain Activity« (St. Petersburg, Russia: Russian Academy of Science, Institute of the Human Brain): 5, 1994.

Mason L.I., et al. Electrophysiological correlates of higher states of consciousness during sleep in long-term practitioners of the Transcendental Meditation program. Sleep 20 (2): 102-110, 1997. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

McEvoy T.M., et al. Effects of meditation on brainstem auditory evoked potentials. International Journal of Neuroscience 10: 165-170, 1980. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Nidich S.I., et al. Kohlbergian cosmic perspective responses, EEG coherence, and the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program. Journal of Moral Education 12: 166-173, 1983.

Orme-Johnson D.W., und Haynes C.T. EEG phase coherence, pure consciousness, creativity, and TM-Sidhi experiences. International Journal of Neuroscience 13: 211–217, 1981. Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson D.W., und Gelderloos P. Topographic EEG brain mapping during Yogic Flying. International Journal of Neuroscience 38: 427-434, 1988. Zur Studie …

Travis F. Eyes open and TM EEG patterns after one and after eight years of TM practice. Psychophysiology 28 (3a): S58, 1991. Zur Studie …

Travis F., und Miskov S. P300 latency and amplitude during eyes-closed rest and Transcendental Meditation practice. Psychophysiology 31: S67 (Abstract), 1994.

Travis F. et al. Patterns of EEG coherence, power, and contingent negative variation characterize the integration of transcendental and waking states. Biological Psychology 61: 293-319, 2002. Zur Studie …

Travis F. T. und Orme-Johnson D. W. EEG coherence and power during yogic flying. International Journal of Neuroscience 54: 1–12, 1990. Zur Studie …

Travis F. et al. A self-referential default brain state: patterns of coherence, power, and eLORETA sources during eyes-closed rest and the Transcendental Meditation practice. Cognitive Processing 11: (1), 21-30, 2010. Zur Studie …

Travis F., und Arenander A. Cross-sectional and longitudinal study of effects of Transcendental Meditation practice on interhemispheric frontal asymmetry and frontal coherence. International Journal of Neuroscience 12 (116): 1519-38, 2006. Zur Studie …

Wallace R.K., et al. Modification of the paired H reflex through the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program. Experimental Neurology 79: 77-86, 1983. Zur Studie …

Yamamoto S., et al. Medial prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulated cortex in the generation of alpha activity induced by Transcendental Meditation: A magnetoencephalographic study. Acta Medica Okayama, 60(1): 51-58, 2006. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Heilpädagogik

Hilfe für die Heilpädagogik

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Eyerman J. Transcendental Meditation and mental retardation. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 42: 35-36, 1981. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Subrahmanyam S., und Porkodi K. Neurohumoral correlates of Transcendental Meditation. Journal of Biomedicine 1: 73-88, 1980.

Gesteigerte Intelligenz, Kreativität und Lernfähigkeit

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Aron A., et al. The Transcendental Meditation program in the college curriculum: A 4-year longitudinal study of effects on cognitive and affective functioning. College Student Journal 15: 140-146, 1981.

Cranson R.W., et al. Transcendental Meditation and improved performance on intelligence-related measures: A longitudinal study. Personality and Individual Differences 12: 1105-1116, 1991. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., et al. Frontal EEG coherence, H-reflex recovery, concept learning, and the TM-Sidhi program. International Journal of Neuroscience 15: 151-157, 1981. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C. Meditation and flexibility of visual perception and verbal problem-solving. Memory & Cognition 10: 207-215, 1982. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., et al. Longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program on cognitive ability and cognitive style. Perceptual and Motor Skills 62: 731-738, 1986. Zur Studie …

Fergusson L.F., et al. Vedic Science based education and nonverbal intelligence: A preliminary longitudinal study in Cambodia. Higher Education Research and Development 15: 73-82, 1995. Zur Studie …

Jedrczak A., et al. The TM-Sidhi programme, age, and brief test of perceptual-motor speed and nonverbal intelligence. Journal of Clinical Psychology 42: 161-164, 1986. Zur Studie …

Jedrczak, A., et al. The TM-Sidhi programme, pure consciousness, creativity and intelligence. The Journal of Creative Behavior 19: 270-275, 1985. Zur Studie …

Schötz E. et al., Time perception, mindfulness and attentional capacities in transcendental meditators and matched controls. Personality and Individual Differences, April 2016 (93), 16–21. Zur Studie …

So K.T., und Orme-Johnson D. W. Three randomized experiments on the holistic longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on cognition. Intelligence, 29(5), 419-440, 2001. Zur Studie …

Tjoa A. Increased intelligence and reduced neuroticism through the Transcendental Meditation program. Gedrag: Tijdschrift Voor Psychologie 3: 167-182, 1975. Zur Studie …

Travis F. The Transcendental Meditation technique and creativity: A longitudinal study of Cornell University undergraduates. Journal of Creative Behavior 13: 169-180, 1979. Zur Studie …

Warner T.Q. Transcendental Meditation and developmental advancement: Mediating abilities and conservation performance. Dissertation Abstracts International 47(8): 3558B, 1987. Zur Studie …

Wittmann M. et al., Subjective expansion of extended time-spans in experienced meditators. Frontiers in Psychology, 14. Januar 2015. Zur Studie …

 

Herz-Kreislauf

Rückgang kardiovaskulärer Risiken

Rückgang von Arteriosklerose und Schlaganfall

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Castillo-Richmond A., et al. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation Program on carotid atherosclerosis in hypertensive African Americans, Stroke 31: 568-573, 2000. Zur Studie …

Senkung des Bluthochdrucks

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C.N., et al. Transcendental Meditation, mindfulness, and longevity: An experimental study with the elderly. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 57: 950-964, 1989. Zur Studie …

Alexander C.N., et al. Trial of stress reduction for hypertension in older African Americans (part II): sex and risk subgroup analysis. Hypertension 28: 228-237, 1996. Zur Studie …

Anderson J.W., et al. Blood pressure response to Transcendental Meditation: a meta-analysis. American Journal of Hypertension 21 (3): 310-6, 2008. Zur Studie …

Barnes V.A., et al. Impact of Transcendental Meditation on ambulatory blood pressure in African-American adolescents. American Journal of Hypertension 17 (4): 366-369, 2004. Zur Studie …

Barnes V. A., et al. Stress, stress reduction, and hypertension in African Americans: an updated review. Journal of the National Medical Association, 89: 464-476, 1997. Zur Studie …

Barnes V. A., et al. (1999). Acute effects of Transcendental Meditation on hemodynamic functioning in middle-aged adults. Psychosomatic Medicine, 61, 88: 525-531. Zur Studie …

Brook R.D., et al. Beyond Medications and Diet: Alternative Approaches to Lowering Blood Pressure
A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Hypertension 61(6): 1360-1383 , 2013. Zur Studie …

Rainforth M.V., et al. Stress reduction programs in patients with elevated blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Current Hypertension Reports 9: 520–528, 2007. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H., et al. A randomized controlled trial of stress reduction in the treatment of hypertension in African Americans during one year. American Journal of Hypertension 18(1): 88-98, 2005. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H., et al. Long-term effects of stress reduction on mortality in persons ≥ 55 years of age with systemic hypertension. American Journal of Cardiology 95: 1060-1064, 2005. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H., et al. A randomized controlled trial of stress reduction for hypertension in older African Americans. Hypertension 26: 820-827, 1995. Zur Studie …

 

Senkung des Cholesterinspiegels

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Cooper M. J., et al. Transcendental Meditation in the management of hypercholesterolemia. Journal of Human Stress 5(4): 24–27, 1979. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Cooper M. J., und Aygen M. M. Effect of Transcendental Meditation on serum cholesterol and blood pressure. Harefuah, Journal of the Israel Medical Association 95(1): 1-2, 1978.

 

Verringerung kongestiver Herzinsuffizienz

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Jayadevappa R., et al. Effectiveness of Transcendental Meditation on functional capacity and quality of life of African Americans with congestive heart failure: a randomized control study. Ethnicity and Disease 17: 72-77, 2007. Zur Studie …

 

Weniger Herzinfarkte

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Jayadevappa R., et al. Effectiveness of Transcendental Meditation on functional capacity and quality of life of African Americans with congestive heart failure: a randomized control study. Ethnicity and Disease 17: 72-77, 2007. Zur Studie …

Weniger Freie Radikale

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Schneider R.H., et al. Lower lipid peroxide levels and practitioners of the Transcendental Meditation program. Psychosomatic Medicine 60: 38-41, 1998. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Van Wijk E.P.A., et al. Anatomical characterization of human ultraweak photon emission in practitioners of Transcendental Meditation and control subjects. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine 12:31-38, 1998. Zur Studie …

Van Wijk E.P.A., et al. Differential Effects of Relaxation Techniques on Ultraweak Photon Emission. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine 14:241-250, 2008. Zur Studie …

 

Rückgang des metabolischen Syndroms, Rückgang der Vorstadien von Diabetes

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Paul-Labrador M., et al. Effects of randomized controlled trial of Transcendental Meditation on components of the metabolic syndrome in subjects with coronary heart disease. Archives of Internal Medicine 166:1218-1224, 2006. Zur Studie …

 

Übersicht: Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen und Herz-Kreislauf-Risikofaktoren

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C.N., et al. Effects of Transcendental Meditation compared to other methods of relaxation and meditation in reducing risk factors, morbidity and mortality. Homeostasis 35:243-264, 1994. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Barnes V.A., und Orme-Johnson D.W. Clinical and Pre-clinical Applications of the Transcendental Meditation Program® in the Prevention and Treatment of Essential Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease in Youth and Adults: A Research Review. Current Hypertension Reviews 2:207-218, 2006. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H., et al. Cardiovascular disease prevention and health promotion with the Transcendental Meditation program and Maharishi Consciousness-Based Health Care. Ethnicity and Disease 16 (3 Suppl 4):S4-15-26, 2006. Zur Studie …

Walton K.G., et al. Review of controlled clinical research on the Transcendental Meditation program and cardiovascular disease: Risk factors, morbidity, and mortality. Cardiology in Review 12(5): 262-266, 2004. Zur Studie …

Walton K.G., et al. Psychosocial stress and cardiovascular disease, Part 2: Effectiveness of the Transcendental Meditation program in treatment and prevention. Behavioral Medicine 28: 106-123, 2002. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Herzinsuffizienz

American Heart Association: Transzendentale Meditation reduziert Risikofaktoren bei Herzinsuffizienz

Eine unter dem Namen »Transzendentale Meditation« bekannte Entspannungstechnik soll den Blutdruck senken und die Insulinresistenz bei Patienten mindern, liest man in einem am 12. Juni 2006 veröffentlichten Bericht der Archives of Internal Medicine (2006; 166: 1218-1224), einer Publikation desMehr

Verringerung kongestiver Herzinsuffizienz

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Jayadevappa R., et al. Effectiveness of Transcendental Meditation on functional capacity and quality of life of African Americans with congestive heart failure: a randomized control study. Ethnicity and Disease 17: 72-77, 2007. Zur Studie …

 

Umkehr des Alterungsprozesses und erhöhte Langlebigkeit

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C.N., et al. Transcendental Meditation, mindfulness, and longevity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 57: 950-964, 1989. Zur Studie …

Alexander C. N., et al. The effects of Transcendental Meditation compared to other methods of relaxation in reducing risk factors, morbidity, and mortality. Homeostasis 35, 243-264, 1994.

Barnes V. A., et al. Impact of Transcendental Meditation on mortality in older African Americans—eight year follow-up. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 17(1) 201-216, 2005.

Glaser J. L., et al. Elevated serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate levels in practitioners of the Transcendental Meditation (TM) and TM-Sidhi programs. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 15: 327-341, 1992. Zur Studie …

Schneider R. H., et al. The Transcendental Meditation program: reducing the risk of heart disease and mortality and improving quality of life in African Americans. Ethnicity and Disease 11; 159-60, 2001.

Schneider R.H., et al. Long-term effects of stress reduction on mortality in persons > 55 years of age with systemic hypertension. American Journal of Cardiology 95: 1060-1064, 2005. Zur Studie …

Wallace R.K., et al. The effects of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program on the aging process. International Journal of Neuroscience 16: 53-58, 1982. Zur Studie …

Intelligenz, Kreativität, Produktivität

Gesteigerte Intelligenz, Kreativität und Lernfähigkeit

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Aron A., et al. The Transcendental Meditation program in the college curriculum: A 4-year longitudinal study of effects on cognitive and affective functioning. College Student Journal 15: 140-146, 1981.

Cranson R.W., et al. Transcendental Meditation and improved performance on intelligence-related measures: A longitudinal study. Personality and Individual Differences 12: 1105-1116, 1991. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., et al. Frontal EEG coherence, H-reflex recovery, concept learning, and the TM-Sidhi program. International Journal of Neuroscience 15: 151-157, 1981. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C. Meditation and flexibility of visual perception and verbal problem-solving. Memory & Cognition 10: 207-215, 1982. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., et al. Longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program on cognitive ability and cognitive style. Perceptual and Motor Skills 62: 731-738, 1986. Zur Studie …

Fergusson L.F., et al. Vedic Science based education and nonverbal intelligence: A preliminary longitudinal study in Cambodia. Higher Education Research and Development 15: 73-82, 1995. Zur Studie …

Jedrczak A., et al. The TM-Sidhi programme, age, and brief test of perceptual-motor speed and nonverbal intelligence. Journal of Clinical Psychology 42: 161-164, 1986. Zur Studie …

Jedrczak, A., et al. The TM-Sidhi programme, pure consciousness, creativity and intelligence. The Journal of Creative Behavior 19: 270-275, 1985. Zur Studie …

Schötz E. et al., Time perception, mindfulness and attentional capacities in transcendental meditators and matched controls. Personality and Individual Differences, April 2016 (93), 16–21. Zur Studie …

So K.T., und Orme-Johnson D. W. Three randomized experiments on the holistic longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on cognition. Intelligence, 29(5), 419-440, 2001. Zur Studie …

Tjoa A. Increased intelligence and reduced neuroticism through the Transcendental Meditation program. Gedrag: Tijdschrift Voor Psychologie 3: 167-182, 1975. Zur Studie …

Travis F. The Transcendental Meditation technique and creativity: A longitudinal study of Cornell University undergraduates. Journal of Creative Behavior 13: 169-180, 1979. Zur Studie …

Warner T.Q. Transcendental Meditation and developmental advancement: Mediating abilities and conservation performance. Dissertation Abstracts International 47(8): 3558B, 1987. Zur Studie …

Wittmann M. et al., Subjective expansion of extended time-spans in experienced meditators. Frontiers in Psychology, 14. Januar 2015. Zur Studie …

 

Bessere schulische und akademische Leistungen

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Fergusson L.C. Field Independence and art achievement in meditating and nonmeditating college students. Perceptual and Motor Skills 75: 1171-1175, 1992. Zur Studie …

Kember P. The Transcendental Meditation technique and postgraduate academic performance. British Journal of Educational Psychology 55: 164-166, 1985. Zur Studie …

Nidich S.I., et al. School effectiveness: Achievement gains at the Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment. Education 107: 49-54, 1986. Zur Studie …

Nidich S.I. und Nidich R.J. Increased academic achievement at Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment: A replication study. Education 109: 302-304, 1989. Zur Studie …

Nidich S.I., et al. Academic Achievement and Transcendental Meditation: A Study with At-Risk Urban Middle School Students. Education 131: 3, 2011. Zur Studie …

 

Höhere Leistung und Produktivität

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C. N., et al. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on stress-reduction, health, and employee development: A prospective study in two occupational settings. Stress, Anxiety and Coping, 6, 245–262, 1993. Zur Studie …

Alexander C. N., et al. Promoting adult psychological development: Implications for management education. Proceedings of the Association of Management, Human Resource Management 2, 133–137, 1990.

Appelle S., und Oswald L.E. Simple reaction time as a function of alertness and prior mental activity. Perceptual and Motor Skills 38: 1263-1268, 1974. Zur Studie …

Broome R., et al. Worksite stress reduction through the Transcendental Meditation Program. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 17(1), 235–276, 2005. Zur Studie …

Frew D.R. Transcendental Meditation and productivity. Academy of Management Journal 17: 362-368, 1974. Zur Studie …

Harung H. S., et al. Peak performance and higher states of consciousness: A study of world-class performers. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 11, (4), 3–23, 1996. Zur Studie …

Holt W.R., et al. Transcendental Meditation vs. pseudo-meditation on visual choice reaction time. Perceptual and Motor Skills 46: 726, 1978. Zur Studie …

McCollum B. Leadership development and self development: An empirical study. Career Development International, 4, (3). 149–154, 1999. Zur Studie …

Schmidt-Wilk J. Developing consciousness in organizations: The Transcendental Meditation program in business. Journal of Business & Psychology, 10, (4), 429–444, 1996. Zur Studie …

So K.T., et al. Three randomized experiments on the holistic longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on cognition. Intelligence, 29(5), 419-440, 2001. Zur Studie …

Schmidt-Wilk J. Consciousness-based management development: Case studies of international top management teams. Journal of Transnational Management Development, 5, (3), 61–85, 2000. Zur Studie …

Warshal D. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on normal and Jendrassik reflex time. Perceptual and Motor Skills 50: 1103-1106, 1980. Zur Studie …

 

Hilfe für die Heilpädagogik

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Eyerman J. Transcendental Meditation and mental retardation. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 42: 35-36, 1981. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Subrahmanyam S., und Porkodi K. Neurohumoral correlates of Transcendental Meditation. Journal of Biomedicine 1: 73-88, 1980.

Persönlichkeitsenwicklung

Verbesserte Integration der Persönlichkeit

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C.N., et al. Transcendental consciousness: a fourth state of consciousness beyond sleep, dreaming, and waking. in J. Gackenbach (ed.), Sleep and Dreams: A Sourcebook, New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 282–315, 1986.

Alexander C.N., et al. Growth of higher stages of consciousness: Maharishi’s Vedic psychology of human development. in Charles N. Alexander and Ellen J. Langer (eds.), Higher Stages of Human Development: Perspectives on Adult Growth. New York: Oxford University Press (1990).

Alexander C. N., et al. Major issues in the exploration of adult growth. In C. N. Alexander and E. J. Langer (Eds.), Higher stages of human development: Perspectives on adult growth (p. 3-32). New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Alexander C. N., et al. Advanced human development in the Vedic Psychology of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi: Theory and research. In M. E. Miller and S. R. Cook-Greuter (Eds.), Transcendence and mature thought in adulthood: The further reaches of adult development (pp. 39-70). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1994.

Alexander C.N., et al. Effect of Practice of The Children’s Transcendental Meditation Technique on Cognitive Stage Development: Acquisition And Consolidation of Conservation, Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 17, 21-46, 2005. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Alexander C.N., et al. Transcendental Meditation, self-actualization, and psychological health: A conceptual overview and statistical meta-analysis. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 6: 189-247, 1991. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Chandler H.M., et al. Transcendental Meditation and postconventional self-development: A 10-year longitudinal study. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 17(1), 93–121, 2005. Zur Studie …

Gelderloos P. Cognitive orientation toward positive values in advanced participants of the TM and TM-Sidhi program. Perceptual and Motor Skills 64: 1003-1012, 1987. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Gelderloos P. Field independence of students at Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment and a Montessori school. Perceptual and Motor Skills 65: 613-614, 1987. Zur Studie …

Gelderloos P. und Beto, Z. H. A. D. The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and reported experiences of transcendental consciousness. Psychologia—An International Journal of Psychology in the Orient 32(2): 91–103, 1989.

Gelderloos P., et al. Transcendence and psychological health: studies with long-term participants of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program. Journal of Psychology 124(2), 177–197, 1990. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Jedraczak A. The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and field independence. Perceptual and Motor Skills 59: 999-100, 1984.

Nidich S., et al. Influence of Transcendental Meditation: A replication. Journal of Counseling Psychology 20: 565-566, 1973. Zur Studie …

Pelletier K.R. Influence of Transcendental Meditation upon autokinetic perception. Perceptual and Motor Skills 39: 1031-1034, 1974. Zur Studie …

Seeman W., et al. Influence of Transcendental Meditation on a measure of self-actualization. Journal of Counseling Psychology 19: 184-187, 1972. Zur Studie …

Barnes V.A., et al. Stress, stress reduction, and hypertension in African Americans. Journal of the National Medical Association, 89, 464-476, 1997. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C. und Orme-Johnson D. W. Physiological differences between Transcendental Meditation and rest. American Psychologist 42:879–881, 1987. Zur Studie …

Jevning R., et al. The physiology of meditation: a review. A wakeful hypometabolic integrated response. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 16(3):415-24, 1992. Zur Studie …

Jevning R., et al. The transcendental meditation technique, adrenocortical activity, and implications for stress. Experientia 34(5):618-9, May 15, 1978. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Jevning R., et al. Adrenocortical activity during meditation, Hormonal Behavior. 10(1):54-60, Feb. 1978. Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson D.W. Autonomic stability and Transcendental Meditation. Psychosomatic Medicine 35, 341-349, 1973. Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson D.W. und Walton K. W. All approaches of preventing or reversing effects of stress are not the same. American Journal of Health Promotion 12:297-299, 1998. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H. Altered responses of cortisol, GH, TSH and testosterone to acute stress after four months‘ practice of Transcendental Meditation (TM). Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 746:381-384, 1994. Zur Studie …

Subrahmanyam S. und Porkodi K. Neurohumoral correlates of Transcendental Meditation. Journal of Biomedicine 1: 73–88, 1980.

Walton K.G., et al. Lowering cortisol and CVD risk in postmenopausal women: a pilot study using the Transcendental Meditation program. Annals of New York Academy of Sciences 1032:211-215, 2005. Zur Studie …

 

Verbessertes Verhalten in der Schule

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Barnes V.A., et al. Impact of stress reduction on negative school behavior in adolescents. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 1:10, 2003. Zur Studie …

Fergusson L.F., et al. Personality and health characteristics of Cambodian undergraduates: A case for student development. Journal of Instructional Psychology 22: 308-319, 1995.

PTBS

Reduzierung posttraumatischer Belastungsstörungen (PTBS)

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Barnes, V.A., et al. Impact of Transcendental Meditation on Psychotropic Medication Use Among Active Duty Military Service Members With Anxiety and PTSD. Military Medicine 181, 56–63, 2016. Zur Studie …

Barnes, V.A., et al. Clinical Case Series: Treatment of PTSD With Transcendental Meditation in Active Duty Military Personnel. Military Medicine 178, e836-e840, 2013. Zur Studie …

Brooks, J. S., & Scarano, T. Transcendental Meditation in the treatment of post-Vietnam adjustment. Journal of Counseling and Development, 64, 212–215, 1985. Zur Studie …

Rees B., et al. Reduction in posttraumatic stress symptoms in Congolese refugees practicing Transcendental Meditation. Journal of Traumatic Stress 26, 295–298, 2013. Zur Studie …

Rees B., et al. Significant Reductions in posttraumatic stress symptoms in Congolese refugees within 10 days of Transcendental Meditation practice. Journal of Traumatic Stress 27, 112–115, 2014. Zur Studie …

Rosenthal, J.Z., et al. Effects of Transcendental Meditation in veterans of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom with posttraumatic stress disorder: A pilot study. Military Medicine, 176, 626–630, 2011. Zur Studie …

Schlaf

Besserer Schlaf

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Ljunggren G. Inflytandet av Transcendental Meditation pa neuroticism, medicinbruk och sömnproblem. Läkartidningen 74(47): 4212–4214, 1977. Zur Studie …

Lovell-Smith H. D. Transcendental Meditation – treating the patient as well as the disease. The New Zealand Family Physician 9: 62–65, April 1982. Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson D. W., et al. Meditation in the treatment of chronic pain and insomnia. In National Institutes of Health Technology Assessment Conference on Integration of Behavioral and Relaxation Approaches into the Treatment of Chronic Pain and Insomnia, Bethesda Maryland: National Institutes of Health, 1995. Zur Studie (siehe dort: »Technology Assessment Panel« …

Schmerztherapie

Weniger Schmerzen

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Orme-Johnson D.W, et al. Neuroimaging of meditation’s effect on brain reactivity to pain. NeuroReport 17(12):1359-63, 2006. Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson D.W., et al. Meditation in the treatment of chronic pain and insomnia. In National Institutes of Health Technology Assessment Conference on Integration of Behavioral and Relaxation Approaches into the Treatment of Chronic Pain and Insomnia, Bethesda Maryland: National Institutes of Health, 1995. Zur Studie …

Mills W. W. and Farrow J.T. The Transcendental Meditation technique and acute experimental pain. Psychosomatic Medicine 43(2): 157–164, 1981. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …  

Zammara J.W., et al. Usefulness of the Transcendental Meditation program in the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease. American Journal of Cardiology, 77, 867-870, 1996. Zur Zusammenfassung der Studie …

Schulische Leistung

Bessere schulische und akademische Leistungen

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Fergusson L.C. Field Independence and art achievement in meditating and nonmeditating college students. Perceptual and Motor Skills 75: 1171-1175, 1992. Zur Studie …

Kember P. The Transcendental Meditation technique and postgraduate academic performance. British Journal of Educational Psychology 55: 164-166, 1985. Zur Studie …

Nidich S.I., et al. School effectiveness: Achievement gains at the Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment. Education 107: 49-54, 1986. Zur Studie …

Nidich S.I. und Nidich R.J. Increased academic achievement at Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment: A replication study. Education 109: 302-304, 1989. Zur Studie …

Nidich S.I., et al. Academic Achievement and Transcendental Meditation: A Study with At-Risk Urban Middle School Students. Education 131: 3, 2011. Zur Studie …

 

Gesteigerte Intelligenz, Kreativität und Lernfähigkeit

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Aron A., et al. The Transcendental Meditation program in the college curriculum: A 4-year longitudinal study of effects on cognitive and affective functioning. College Student Journal 15: 140-146, 1981.

Cranson R.W., et al. Transcendental Meditation and improved performance on intelligence-related measures: A longitudinal study. Personality and Individual Differences 12: 1105-1116, 1991. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., et al. Frontal EEG coherence, H-reflex recovery, concept learning, and the TM-Sidhi program. International Journal of Neuroscience 15: 151-157, 1981. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C. Meditation and flexibility of visual perception and verbal problem-solving. Memory & Cognition 10: 207-215, 1982. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C., et al. Longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program on cognitive ability and cognitive style. Perceptual and Motor Skills 62: 731-738, 1986. Zur Studie …

Fergusson L.F., et al. Vedic Science based education and nonverbal intelligence: A preliminary longitudinal study in Cambodia. Higher Education Research and Development 15: 73-82, 1995. Zur Studie …

Jedrczak A., et al. The TM-Sidhi programme, age, and brief test of perceptual-motor speed and nonverbal intelligence. Journal of Clinical Psychology 42: 161-164, 1986. Zur Studie …

Jedrczak, A., et al. The TM-Sidhi programme, pure consciousness, creativity and intelligence. The Journal of Creative Behavior 19: 270-275, 1985. Zur Studie …

Schötz E. et al., Time perception, mindfulness and attentional capacities in transcendental meditators and matched controls. Personality and Individual Differences, April 2016 (93), 16–21. Zur Studie …

So K.T., und Orme-Johnson D. W. Three randomized experiments on the holistic longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on cognition. Intelligence, 29(5), 419-440, 2001. Zur Studie …

Tjoa A. Increased intelligence and reduced neuroticism through the Transcendental Meditation program. Gedrag: Tijdschrift Voor Psychologie 3: 167-182, 1975. Zur Studie …

Travis F. The Transcendental Meditation technique and creativity: A longitudinal study of Cornell University undergraduates. Journal of Creative Behavior 13: 169-180, 1979. Zur Studie …

Warner T.Q. Transcendental Meditation and developmental advancement: Mediating abilities and conservation performance. Dissertation Abstracts International 47(8): 3558B, 1987. Zur Studie …

Wittmann M. et al., Subjective expansion of extended time-spans in experienced meditators. Frontiers in Psychology, 14. Januar 2015. Zur Studie …

 

Verbessertes Verhalten in der Schule

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Barnes V.A., et al. Impact of stress reduction on negative school behavior in adolescents. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 1:10, 2003. Zur Studie …

Fergusson L.F., et al. Personality and health characteristics of Cambodian undergraduates: A case for student development. Journal of Instructional Psychology 22: 308-319, 1995.

Soziale Trends

Gesellschaftliche Trends

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Assimakis, P. D. und Dillbeck, M. C. Time series analysis of improved quality of life in Canada: Social change, collective consciousness, and the TM-Sidhi program. Psychological Reports, 76, 1171–1193 (1995). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M. C. Test of a field theory of consciousness and social change: Time series analysis of participation in the TM-Sidhi program and reduction of violent death in the U.S. Social Indicators Research, 22(4), 399-418 (1990). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M. C., et al. Test of a field model of consciousness and social change: The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and decreased urban crime. Journal of Mind and Behavior, 9(4), 457–486 (1988). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck, M. C., et al. Consciousness as a field: The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and changes in social indicators. Journal of Mind and Behavior, 8(1), 67–104 (1987). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M. C. und Cavanaugh K. L. Societal violence and collective consciousness: Reduction of U.S. homicide and urban violent crime rates. SAGE open, 14. April 2016. Zur Studie …

Goodman, R. S., et al. Transforming political institutions through individual and collective consciousness: The Maharishi Effect and government. Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, D.C. (1997).

Hatchard, G. D., et al. The Maharishi Effect: A model for social improvement. Time series analysis of a phase transition to reduced crime in Merseyside metropolitan area. Psychology, Crime & Law, 2(3), 165–174 1996). Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson, D. W., et al. The effects of the Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field: Reply to a methodological critique. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 34, 756–768 (1990). Zur Studie …

 

Kriminalität, Gewalt, soziale Konflikte

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Assimakis, P. D. und Dillbeck, M. C. Time series analysis of improved quality of life in Canada: Social change, collective consciousness, and the TM-Sidhi program. Psychological Reports, 76, 1171–1193 (1995). Zur Studie …

Davies, J. L., et al. Alleviating political violence through enhancing coherence in collective consciousness: Impact assessment analyses of the Lebanon war. Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science, 95(1), 1 (1988). Zur Studie …

Davies, J.L. und Alexander, C. N. Alleviating political violence through reducing collective tension: Impact assessment analyses of the Lebanon war. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 17(1): 285–338 (2005). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck, M. C., et al. Test of a field theory of consciousness and social change: Time series analysis of participation in the TM-Sidhi program and reduction of violent death in the U.S. Social Indicators Research, 22, 399–418 (1990). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M. C., et al. Test of a field model of consciousness and social change: The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and decreased urban crime. Journal of Mind and Behavior, 9(4), 457–486 (1988). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck, M. C., et al. Consciousness as a field: The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and changes in social indicators. Journal of Mind and Behavior, 8(1), 67–104 (1987). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck, M. C., et al. The Transcendental Meditation program and crime rate change in a sample of forty-eight cities. Journal of Crime and Justice, 4, 25–45 (1981). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M. C. und Cavanaugh K. L. Societal violence and collective consciousness: Reduction of U.S. homicide and urban violent crime rates. SAGE open, 14. April 2016. Zur Studie …

Goodman, R. S., et al. Transforming political institutions through individual and collective consciousness: The Maharishi Effect and government. Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, D.C. (1997).

Hagelin, J. S., et al. Results of the National Demonstration Project to Reduce Violent Crime and Improve Governmental Effectiveness in Washington, D.C. Social Indicators Research, 47, 153-201 (1999). Zur Studie …

Hatchard, G. D., et al. The Maharishi Effect: A model for social improvement. Time series analysis of a phase transition to reduced crime in Merseyside metropolitan area. Psychology, Crime & Law, 2(3), 165–174 (1996). Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson, D. W. et al. The effects of the Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field: Reply to a methodological critique. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 34, 756–768 (1990). Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson, D. W. et al. International peace project in the Middle East: The effect of the Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 32(4), 776–812 (1988). Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson, D. W. et al. Preventing terrorism and international conflict: Effects of large assemblies of participants in the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi programs. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 36 (1-4), 283–302 (2003). Zur Studie …

 

Wirtschaft

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Assimakis, P.D. und Dillbeck, M.C. Time series analysis of improved quality of life in Canada: Social change, collective consciousness, and the TM-Sidhi program. Psychological Reports, 76, 1171–1193 (1995). Zur Studie …

Dillbeck, M. C., et.al. Consciousness as a field: The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and changes in social indicators. Journal of Mind and Behavior, 8(1), 67–104 (1987). Zur Studie …

Goodman, R. S., et.al. Transforming political institutions through individual and collective consciousness: The Maharishi Effect and government. Jahrestreffen der American Political Science Association (APSA), Washington, D.C. (1997). Zum Archiv der APSA …

Hagelin, J. S.,  et.al. Effects of Group Practice of the Transcendental Meditation Program on Preventing Violent Crime in Washington, D.C.: Results of the National Demonstration Project, June—July 1993 Social Indicators Research, 47, 153-201 (1999). Zur Studie …

Hatchard, G. D., et.al. The Maharishi Effect: A model for social improvement. Time series analysis of a phase transition to reduced crime in Merseyside metropolitan area. Psychology, Crime & Law, 2(3), 165–174 1996). Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson, et.al. The effects of the Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field: Reply to a methodological critique. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 34, 756–768 (1990). Zur Studie …

Stress

Abbau von Stress

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Barnes V. A., et al. Stress, stress reduction, and hypertension in African Americans. Journal of the National Medical Association, 89, 464-476, 1997. Zur Studie …

Dillbeck M.C. und Orme-Johnson D. W. Physiological differences between Transcendental Meditation and rest. American Psychologist 42:879–881, 1987. Zur Studie …

Elder Ch., et al., Effect of Transcendental Meditation on Employee Stress, Depression, and Burnout: A Randomized Controlled Study. The Permanente Journal 18(1):19-23, 2014. Zur Studie …

Jevning R., et al. The physiology of meditation: a review. A wakeful hypometabolic integrated response. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 16(3):415-24, 1992. Zur Studie …

Jevning R., et al. The transcendental meditation technique, adrenocortical activity, and implications for stress. Experientia 34(5):618-9, May 15, 1978. Zur Studie …

Jevning R., et al. Adrenocortical activity during meditation. Hormonal Behavior 10(1):54-60, Feb. 1978. Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson D.W. Autonomic stability and Transcendental Meditation. Psychosomatic Medicine 35, 341-349, 1973. Zur Studie (PDF) …

Orme-Johnson D.W. und Walton K. W. All approaches of preventing or reversing effects of stress are not the same. American Journal of Health Promotion 12:297-299, 1998. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H. Altered responses of cortisol, GH, TSH and testosterone to acute stress after four months‘ practice of Transcendental Meditation (TM). Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 746:381-384, 1994. Zur Studie …

Subrahmanyam S. und Porkodi K. Neurohumoral correlates of Transcendental Meditation. Journal of Biomedicine 1: 73–88, 1980.

Walton K.G., et al. Lowering cortisol and CVD risk in postmenopausal women: a pilot study using the Transcendental Meditation program. Annals of New York Academy of Sciences 1032:211-215, 2005. Zur Studie …

 

Schnellere Erholung von Stress

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Barnes V. A., et al. Impact of Transcendental Meditation on cardiovascular function at rest and during acute stress in adolescents with high normal blood pressure. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 51, 597-605, 2001. Zum Artikel …

Brooks J.S. und Scarano T. Transcendental Meditation in the treatment of post-Vietnam adjustment. Journal of Counseling and Development 64: 212-215, 1985. Zum Artikel …

Gaylord C., et al. The effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique and progressive muscle relaxation on EEG coherence, stress reactivity, and mental health in black adults. International Journal of Neuroscience 46: 77-86, 1989. Zum Artikel …

Orme-Johnson D.W. Autonomic stability and Transcendental Meditation. Psychosomatic Medicine 35: 341-349, 1973. Zum Artikel (PDF) …

 

Besserer Schlaf

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Ljunggren G. Inflytandet av Transcendental Meditation pa neuroticism, medicinbruk och sömnproblem. Läkartidningen 74(47): 4212–4214, 1977. Zur Studie …

Lovell-Smith H. D. Transcendental Meditation – treating the patient as well as the disease. The New Zealand Family Physician 9: 62–65, April 1982. Zur Studie …

Orme-Johnson D. W., et al. Meditation in the treatment of chronic pain and insomnia. In National Institutes of Health Technology Assessment Conference on Integration of Behavioral and Relaxation Approaches into the Treatment of Chronic Pain and Insomnia, Bethesda Maryland: National Institutes of Health, 1995. Zur Studie (siehe dort: »Technology Assessment Panel« …

 

Senkung des Bluthochdrucks

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C.N., et al. Transcendental Meditation, mindfulness, and longevity: An experimental study with the elderly. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 57: 950-964, 1989. Zur Studie …

Alexander C.N., et al. Trial of stress reduction for hypertension in older African Americans (part II): sex and risk subgroup analysis. Hypertension 28: 228-237, 1996. Zur Studie …

Anderson J.W., et al. Blood pressure response to Transcendental Meditation: a meta-analysis. American Journal of Hypertension 21 (3): 310-6, 2008. Zur Studie …

Barnes V.A., et al. Impact of Transcendental Meditation on ambulatory blood pressure in African-American adolescents. American Journal of Hypertension 17 (4): 366-369, 2004. Zur Studie …

Barnes V. A., et al. Stress, stress reduction, and hypertension in African Americans: an updated review. Journal of the National Medical Association, 89: 464-476, 1997. Zur Studie …

Barnes V. A., et al. (1999). Acute effects of Transcendental Meditation on hemodynamic functioning in middle-aged adults. Psychosomatic Medicine, 61, 88: 525-531. Zur Studie …

Brook R.D., et al. Beyond Medications and Diet: Alternative Approaches to Lowering Blood Pressure
A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Hypertension 61(6): 1360-1383 , 2013. Zur Studie …

Rainforth M.V., et al. Stress reduction programs in patients with elevated blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Current Hypertension Reports 9: 520–528, 2007. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H., et al. A randomized controlled trial of stress reduction in the treatment of hypertension in African Americans during one year. American Journal of Hypertension 18(1): 88-98, 2005. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H., et al. Long-term effects of stress reduction on mortality in persons ≥ 55 years of age with systemic hypertension. American Journal of Cardiology 95: 1060-1064, 2005. Zur Studie …

Schneider R.H., et al. A randomized controlled trial of stress reduction for hypertension in older African Americans. Hypertension 26: 820-827, 1995. Zur Studie …

Verjüngung

Umkehr des Alterungsprozesses und erhöhte Langlebigkeit

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C.N., et al. Transcendental Meditation, mindfulness, and longevity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 57: 950-964, 1989. Zur Studie …

Alexander C. N., et al. The effects of Transcendental Meditation compared to other methods of relaxation in reducing risk factors, morbidity, and mortality. Homeostasis 35, 243-264, 1994.

Barnes V. A., et al. Impact of Transcendental Meditation on mortality in older African Americans—eight year follow-up. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 17(1) 201-216, 2005.

Glaser J. L., et al. Elevated serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate levels in practitioners of the Transcendental Meditation (TM) and TM-Sidhi programs. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 15: 327-341, 1992. Zur Studie …

Schneider R. H., et al. The Transcendental Meditation program: reducing the risk of heart disease and mortality and improving quality of life in African Americans. Ethnicity and Disease 11; 159-60, 2001.

Schneider R.H., et al. Long-term effects of stress reduction on mortality in persons > 55 years of age with systemic hypertension. American Journal of Cardiology 95: 1060-1064, 2005. Zur Studie …

Wallace R.K., et al. The effects of the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program on the aging process. International Journal of Neuroscience 16: 53-58, 1982. Zur Studie …

Zigarettenkonsum

Behandlung und Vorbeugung von Drogenmissbrauch

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C.N., et al. Treating and Preventing Alcohol, Nicotine, and Drug Abuse Through Transcendental Meditation: A Review and Statistical Meta-Analysis. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 11(1-2), 13-87, 1994. Zur Studie …

David A.F., et al. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation Program on Substance Use among University Students. Cardiology Research and Practice 2011 (2011), Artikel-ID 537101 (online). Zur Studie …

Gelderloss P., et al. Effectiveness of the Transcendental Meditation Program in Preventing and Treating Substance Misuse: A Review. The International journal of the addictions 1991, 26(3): 293-325. Zur Studie …

Öffentlich geförderte Forschung
Diese Seite führt Studien auf, die mit finanzieller Unterstützung der National Institutes of Health (NIH), USA, durchgeführt wurden. Die NIH sind die wichtigste Gesundheitsbehörde der USA.

Rückgang der Arteriosklerose, weniger Schlaganfälle

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Castillo-Richmond A., et al. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation Program on carotid atherosclerosis in hypertensive African Americans, Stroke 31: 568-573, 2000. Zur Studie …

 

Senkung von Bluthochdruck

Wissenschaftliche Studien

Alexander C.N., et al. Transcendental Meditation, mindfulness, and longevity: An experimental study with the elderly. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 57:950-964, 1989. Zur Studie …

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